Zebronia phenice (Cramer, 1782)

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FAMILY Crambidae
SUBFAMILY Spilomelinae
GENUS Zebronia
SPECIES phenice
AUTHOR(Cramer, 1782)
ORIGINAL COMBINATIONPhal.[aena] Pyralis Phenice
TYPE LOCALITY[Mauritius], "Surinamen", Suriname [see M. Bippus 2019c: 44].
GEOGRAPHICAL COORDINATES /
TYPE SPECIMEN(S) Not stated.
STATUS Species
PUBLICATION Cramer P. 1780-1782. De uitlandsche Kapellen voorkomende in de drie waereld-deelen Asia, Africa en America, by een verzameld en beschreeven door den heer Pieter Cramer (etc.). - — 4(25-34):1-252, pls 289-396.
PAGINATION 185, 251 (index); pl. ccclxxxii, fig. G Bhl

Species pictures

Synonyms

NAME AUTHOR STATUS
botydis Strand, 1915 Synonym of species
foederalis Hübner, 1825 Synonym of species
imparivirgalis (Mabille, 1881) Synonym of species
lathurusalis Walker, 1859 Synonym of species
mayottensis Pagenstecher, 1907 Synonym of species
perspicalis (Hübner, 1811) Synonym of species
phenicealis (Guenée, 1854) Synonym of species
podalirialis (Guenée, 1854) Synonym of species
trivirgalis (Mabille, 1880) Synonym of species

Species Distribution

COUNTRY PROVINCE/STATE PUBLICATION PAGE
Angola   Pinhey E. C. G. 1975. Moths of southern Africa. Descriptions and colour illustrations of 1183 species. - — :i-iv, 1-273, pls 1-63. 77
Cameroon   Druce H. 1890. Lepidoptera Heterocera. - In: Jameson J. S., Story of the rear column of the Emin Pasha relief expedition. - — :i-xxxii, 1-455 (chapter pagination: 446-452). 451
Comoros Mayotte (Maore) Pagenstecher A. 1907. In: Voeltzkow, A. Reise in Ostafrika in den Jahren 1903-05. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse 2. Systematische Arbeiten, Bd 2,Hft 2 (Lepidoptera Heterocera von Madagaskar, den Comoren und Ostafrika: Uraniidae, Geometridae, Noctuidae, Pyralidae, Thyrididae, ... - — 2(2):93-146, pl. 6. 132 (as mayottensis)
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Katanga Hampson G. F. 1910c. Zoological collections from Northern Rhodesia and adjacent territories: Lepidoptera Phalaenae. - Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1910(2):388-510, pls 36-41. 496
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Orientale Holland W. J. 1920. Lepidoptera of the Congo, being a systematic list of the butterflies and moths collected by the American Museum of Natural History Congo Expedition, together with descriptions of some hitherto undescribed species. - Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 43(6):109-369, pls 6-14. 327
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the East Kasai Ghesquière J. 1940c. Quelques microlépidoptères gelechiadae congolais. - Revue de Zoologie et Botanique Africaines 34(1):101-108. 202
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Kinshasa Aurivillius C. 1925b. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der zweiten Deutschen Zentralafrika-Expedition 1910-1911 unter Führung Adolf Friedrichs, Herzog zu Mecklenburg. Band 1 Zoologie, Lieferung 18, Lepidoptera IV. - — 1(18):1243-1359, pls 49-50. 1356
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Bas Congo Aurivillius C. 1906. Verzeichnis von Lepidopteren, gesammelt bei Mukimbungu am unteren Kongo von Herrn E. Laman. Zweite und dritte Sendung. - Arkiv för Zoologi 3(1):1-16, pl. 1. 16
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the   Druce H. 1890. Lepidoptera Heterocera. - In: Jameson J. S., Story of the rear column of the Emin Pasha relief expedition. - — :i-xxxii, 1-455 (chapter pagination: 446-452). 451
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Equateur Ghesquière J. 1940c. Quelques microlépidoptères gelechiadae congolais. - Revue de Zoologie et Botanique Africaines 34(1):101-108. 202
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the North Kivu Ghesquière J. 1940c. Quelques microlépidoptères gelechiadae congolais. - Revue de Zoologie et Botanique Africaines 34(1):101-108. 202
Côte d'Ivoire   Mabille P. 1890a. Voyage de M. Ch. Alluaud dans le territoire d'Assinie (Afrique occidentale) en juillet et août 1886, 4e mémoire; Lépidoptères, avec des notes sur quelques autres espèces d'Afrique (Rhopalocera et Heterocera). - Annales de la Société entomologique de France (6) 10(1):17-51, pls 2, 3. 51 (as podalirialis)
Equatorial Guinea   Kheil N. M. 1905. Lepidópteros de la Guinea Española. Primera parte. - Memorias de la Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural 1(7):161-181. 181
Ethiopia   Hampson G. F. 1897b. On the classification of two subfamilies of moths of the family Pyralidae: the Hydrocampinae and Scopariinae. - Transactions of the entomological Society of London 1897(2):127-240. 219
Gabon   Guenée A. M. 1854. Histoire naturelle des Insectes. VIII. Species général des Lépidoptères. Deltoïdes et Pyralites. - — 8:1-448. 281 (as podalirialis)
Gambia   Druce H. 1887a. Lepidoptera Heterocera. - In: Moloney A. C., Sketch of the forestry of West Africa with particular reference to its present principal commercial products. - — :i-vi, 1-533 (chapter pagination: 492-507). 505 (as phenicealis)
Ghana   Plötz C. 1880a. Verzeichniss der vom Prof. Dr. R. Buchholz in West-Afrika gesammelten Schmetterlinge. - Stettiner Entomologische Zeitung 41(1-3):76-88; (7-9): 298—307. 306 (as podalirialis)
Kenya   Butler A. G. 1898. On a collection of Lepidoptera made in British East Africa by Mr. C. S. Betton. - Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 57:395-444, pls. 32-33. 443
Liberia   Poltavsky A. N., Sáfián Sz., Simonics G., Kravchenko V. D. & Müller G. C. 2019. The Pyraloidea (Lepidoptera) fauna in the Liberian Nimba Mountains, West Africa, at the end of the dry season. - Israel Journal of Entomology 49(1):11-40. 32
Liberia     ISEA
Madagascar   Marion H. 1954b. Contribution à l'étude des Pyralidae de Madagascar. - Mémoires de l'Institut scientifique de Madagascar (E) 5:39-62, pl. 1. 44 (as trivirgalis)
Malawi   Pinhey E. C. G. 1975. Moths of southern Africa. Descriptions and colour illustrations of 1183 species. - — :i-iv, 1-273, pls 1-63. 77
Mauritius   Hampson G. F. 1897b. On the classification of two subfamilies of moths of the family Pyralidae: the Hydrocampinae and Scopariinae. - Transactions of the entomological Society of London 1897(2):127-240. 219
Mozambique   Hampson G. F. 1910c. Zoological collections from Northern Rhodesia and adjacent territories: Lepidoptera Phalaenae. - Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1910(2):388-510, pls 36-41. 497
Namibia   Kopij G. 2014. Lepidoptera fauna of Namibia. I. Seasonal distribution of moths of the Koakoland (Mopane) Savanna in Ogongo, northern Namibia. - Fragmenta Faunistica 57(2):117-129. 121
Nigeria   Peacock A. D. 1913. Entomological pests and problems of southern Nigeria. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 4:191-220. 199
Rwanda     J. & W. De Prins
Réunion   Viette P. 1957d. Lépidoptères (excepté les Tordeuses et les Géométrides). - In: La Faune entomologique de l'Ile de la Réunion. I. - Mémoires de l'Institut scientifique de Madagascar (E) 8:137-226, pls 1-4. 177
Senegal   Guenée A. M. 1854. Histoire naturelle des Insectes. VIII. Species général des Lépidoptères. Deltoïdes et Pyralites. - — 8:1-448. 281 (as podalirialis)
Seychelles Mahé Bippus M. 2016a. Notes on Lepidoptera from the Seychelles. - Phelsuma 24(1):35-71. 51
Sierra Leone   Schaus W. & Clements W. G. 1893. On a collection of Sierra Leone Lepidoptera. - — :i-vi, 1-46, pls 1-3. 45
South Africa   Pinhey E. C. G. 1975. Moths of southern Africa. Descriptions and colour illustrations of 1183 species. - — :i-iv, 1-273, pls 1-63. 77
Tanzania   Butler A. G. 1891a. List of Lepidoptera in a collection made by Emin Pasha in Central Africa. - Annals and Magazine of Natural History (6) 7(37):40-51. 51 (as podalirialis)
Uganda   Butler A. G. 1895b. On Lepidoptera recently collected in British East Africa by Mr. G. F. Scott Elliot. - Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1895:722-742, pls 42-43. 741
Uganda Ssese Islands Grünberg K. 1910a. Zur Kenntnis der Lepidopterenfauna der Sesse-Inseln im Victoria Nyanza. - Sitzungsberichten der Gesellschaft naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1910(3):146-181. 161
Zambia   Hampson G. F. 1910c. Zoological collections from Northern Rhodesia and adjacent territories: Lepidoptera Phalaenae. - Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1910(2):388-510, pls 36-41. 496
Zimbabwe   Pinhey E. C. G. 1975. Moths of southern Africa. Descriptions and colour illustrations of 1183 species. - — :i-iv, 1-273, pls 1-63. 77

Notes:  Larvae cut and roll the leaves into the shape of a tent. The larvae are usually solitary (see A. D. Peacock 1913: 200).

Host Plants

FAMILY SPECIES COUNTRY PUBLICATIONPAGE
Rhamnaceae Ziziphus mauritiana Réunion Martiré D. & Rochat J. 2008. Les papillons de La Réunion et leurs chenilles. - — :1-496. 272
Bignoniaceae Spathodea campanulata Réunion Martiré D. & Rochat J. 2008. Les papillons de La Réunion et leurs chenilles. - — :1-496. 272
Bignoniaceae Tecoma sp. Mauritius Vinson J. 1938. Catalogue of the Lepidoptera of the Mascarene Islands. - Mauritius Institute Bulletin 1(4):i-iii, 1-69.
Poaceae Stenotaphrum sp. Réunion Guillermet C. 2009a. Les Hétérocères, ou papillons de nuit, de l'île de La Réunion. Volume 3. Familles des Pyralidae et Crambidae. - — :1-552, pls 1-11. 498
Bignoniaceae Kigelia sp. Kenya Sevastopulo D. G. 1984. The Gesneriaceae and Bignoniaceae as food-plants of the Lepidoptera. - Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 38(3):235-236. 236
Bignoniaceae Markhamia sp. Kenya Sevastopulo D. G. 1984. The Gesneriaceae and Bignoniaceae as food-plants of the Lepidoptera. - Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 38(3):235-236. 236
Bignoniaceae Spathodea sp. Kenya Sevastopulo D. G. 1984. The Gesneriaceae and Bignoniaceae as food-plants of the Lepidoptera. - Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 38(3):235-236. 236
Bignoniaceae Stereospermum sp. Kenya Sevastopulo D. G. 1984. The Gesneriaceae and Bignoniaceae as food-plants of the Lepidoptera. - Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 38(3):235-236. 236
Malvaceae Hibiscus esculentus Nigeria Peacock A. D. 1913. Entomological pests and problems of southern Nigeria. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 4:191-220. 218
Bignoniaceae Kigelia aethiopica East Africa Sevastopulo D. G. 1977. A list of the food plants of East African Macrolepidoptera. Part 2. Moths (Heterocera). - Bulletin of the Amateur Entomologists' Society 36(314):45-50. 47
Bignoniaceae Kigelia africana subsp. moosa East Africa Sevastopulo D. G. 1977. A list of the food plants of East African Macrolepidoptera. Part 2. Moths (Heterocera). - Bulletin of the Amateur Entomologists' Society 36(314):45-50. 47
Bignoniaceae Markhamia lutea East Africa Sevastopulo D. G. 1977. A list of the food plants of East African Macrolepidoptera. Part 2. Moths (Heterocera). - Bulletin of the Amateur Entomologists' Society 36(314):45-50. 47 (as M. platycalyx)
Bignoniaceae Stereospermum kunthianum East Africa Sevastopulo D. G. 1977. A list of the food plants of East African Macrolepidoptera. Part 2. Moths (Heterocera). - Bulletin of the Amateur Entomologists' Society 36(314):45-50. 47
Euphorbiaceae Ricinus communis East Africa Sevastopulo D. G. 1977. A list of the food plants of East African Macrolepidoptera. Part 2. Moths (Heterocera). - Bulletin of the Amateur Entomologists' Society 36(314):45-50. 47

*   Larvae cut and roll the leaves into the shape of a tent (see A. D. Peacock 1913: 200).