Cephonodes hylas (Linnaeus, 1771)

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FAMILY Sphingidae
SUBFAMILY Macroglossinae
GENUS Cephonodes
SPECIES hylas
AUTHOR(Linnaeus, 1771)
ORIGINAL COMBINATIONSphinx Hylas
TYPE LOCALITYChina.
GEOGRAPHICAL COORDINATES /
TYPE SPECIMEN(S) Not stated.
STATUS Species
PUBLICATION Linnaeus C. 1771. Mantissa Plantarum altera Generum editionis VI & Specierum editionis II. - — :i–viii, 144–587.
PAGINATION 539 Bhl

Species pictures

Subspecies

NAME AUTHOR STATUS
virescens (Wallengren, 1865) Subspecies
confinis (Boisduval, 1875) Synonym of subspecies

Species Distribution

COUNTRY PROVINCE/STATE PUBLICATION PAGE
Algeria Hoggar and Tassili Eitschberger U., Mooser J. & Müller G. 2014. Beitrag zur Sphingidae-Fauna des Hoggargebirges in Südalgerien (Lepidoptera, Sphingidae). - Neue Entomologische Nachrichten 70:201–207. 203 (as virescens)
Angola   Dewitz H. 1879. Afrikanische Schmetterlinge. - Mittheilungen des Münchener Entomologischen Vereins 3:23–35, pls 1–2. 23
Benin   Waller J. M., Bigger M. & Hillocks R. J. 2007. Coffee pests, diseases and their management. - — :i–viii, 1–434. 107 (as virescens)
Burkina Faso   Prost A. 1986. Liste provisoire des Sphingidae de Haute-Volta (Lep.). - Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 90 (1985)(9–10):xxi–xxiv. xxii (as virescens)
Cameroon   Druce H. 1890. Lepidoptera Heterocera. – In: Jameson J. S., Story of the rear column of the Emin Pasha relief expedition. - — :i–xxxii, 1–455 (chapter pagination: 446–452). 446 (as virescens)
Central African Republic   Basquin P. & Pierre J. 2005. Contribution à la connaissance des Sphinx de la République Centrafricaine avec descriptions de nouvelles espèce et sous-espèce et d'une femelle inédite (Lepidoptera, Sphingidae). - Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 110(4–5):495–508. 503 (as virescens)
Chad     P. Basquin
Comoros Mayotte (Maore) Hampson G. F. 1908a. On the moths collected during the cruise of the "Valhalla" during the winter 1905–06 by Mr. E. G. B. Meade-Waldo. - Annals and Magazine of Natural History (8) 1(6):474–491. 477 (as virescens)
Congo   Darge Ph. 2011d. Contribution to the Lepidoptera biodiversity in Africa, II: Lepidoptera of the swamp forest in the region of Ouesso (north of the Congo Brazaville Republic). - Saturnafrica 8:32–35. 35 (as virescens)
Democratic Republic of Congo North Kivu Kiriakoff S. G. 1963a. Exploration du Parc Albert. Deuxième série. Lepidoptera Heterocera (partim). - — 16(3):73–124. 86 (as virescens)
Democratic Republic of Congo   Druce H. 1890. Lepidoptera Heterocera. – In: Jameson J. S., Story of the rear column of the Emin Pasha relief expedition. - — :i–xxxii, 1–455 (chapter pagination: 446–452). 446 (as virescens)
Democratic Republic of Congo Kinshasa Aurivillius C. 1925b. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der zweiten Deutschen Zentralafrika-Expedition 1910–1911 unter Führung Adolf Friedrichs, Herzog zu Mecklenburg. Band 1 Zoologie, Lieferung 18, Lepidoptera IV. - — 1(18):1243–1359, pls 49–50. 1259 (as virescens)
Democratic Republic of Congo Katanga Hampson G. F. 1910c. Zoological collections from Northern Rhodesia and adjacent territories: Lepidoptera Phalaenae. - Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1910(2):388–510, pls 36–41. 462 (as virescens)
Djibouti   Rougeot P.-C. 1977a. Lepidoptera. – In: Missions entomologiques en Ethiopie 1973–1975. Fascicule 1. - Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle (A)105:1–150, pls 1–20. 90 (as virescens)
Eritrea   Berio E. 1939a. Contributi alla conoscenza dei lepidotteri eteroceri dell'Eritrea I. Lista delle specie con descrizioni delle nuove entità raccolte negli anni 1934 al 1937 dal sig. Francesco Vaccaro. - Memorie della Società Entomologica Italiana 17:47–62, pls 1–2. 60 (as virescens)
Ethiopia   Oberthür C. 1883b. Spedizione Italiana nell'Africa Equatoriale. Lepidotteri. Parte seconda. - Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova 18:709–740, pl. 9. 735 (as virescens)
Gabon   Darge Ph. 1970a. Contribution à la faune du Gabon: Lépidoptères Sphingidae. - Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 75(9–10):253–263. 260 (as virescens)
Gambia   Druce H. 1887a. Lepidoptera Heterocera. – In: Moloney, A. C., Sketch of the forestry of West Africa with particular reference to its present principal commercial products. - — :i–vi, 1–533 (chapter pagination: 492–507). 492 (as virescens)
Ghana   Boisduval J. B. A. 1875. Sphingides, Sésiides, Castnides. – In: Boisduval, J. B. A. & Guenée, A. (eds.), Histoire naturelle des insectes. Spécies général des Lépidoptères Hétérocères. - — 1:i–iv, 1–568. 376 (as confinis)
Ivory Coast   Mabille P. 1890a. Voyage de M. Ch. Alluaud dans le territoire d'Assinie (Afrique occidentale) en juillet et août 1886, 4e mémoire; Lépidoptères, avec des notes sur quelques autres espèces d'Afrique (Rhopalocera et Heterocera). - Annales de la Société entomologique de France (6) 10(1):17–51, pls 2, 3. 34 (as virescens)
Kenya   Fawcett J. M. 1915. Notes on a collection of Heterocera made made by Mr. W. Feather in British East Africa, 1911–12. - Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1915(1):91–113, pls. 1–2. 107 (as virescens)
Lesotho   Kopij G. 2006. Lepidoptera fauna of Lesotho. - Acta zoologica cracoviensia 49B(1–2):137–180. 159 (as virescens)
Madagascar Nosy Bé Mabille P. 1880a. Recensement des Lépidoptères Hétérocères observés jusqu'à ce jour à Madagascar. - Annales de la Société entomologique de France (5) 9 (1879):291–348. 300
Madagascar   Saalmüller M. 1878. Mittheilungen über Madagaskar, seine Lepidopteren-fauna. - Bericht über die Senckenbergische Naturforschende Gesellschaft in Frankfurt a.M. 1877–1878:71–96. 89
Madagascar Sainte Marie Mabille P. 1880a. Recensement des Lépidoptères Hétérocères observés jusqu'à ce jour à Madagascar. - Annales de la Société entomologique de France (5) 9 (1879):291–348. 300
Malawi   Butler A. G. 1893a. On two collections of Lepidoptera sent by H. H. Johnston, Esq., C. B., from British Central Africa. - Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1893:643–684, pl. 60. 674 (as virescens)
Maldives Minikoi Meyrick E. 1902a. Lepidoptera. – In: Gardiner, J. S. (ed.) The fauna and geography of the Maldive and Laccadive Archipelago. Being the account of the work carried on and of the collections made by an expedition during the years 1899 and 1900. - — 1(2):123–126. 124 (as virescens)
Mozambique   Hampson G. F. 1910c. Zoological collections from Northern Rhodesia and adjacent territories: Lepidoptera Phalaenae. - Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1910(2):388–510, pls 36–41. 462 (as virescens)
Namibia   Grünberg K. 1910c. In: Schultze L.: Zoologische und anthropologische Ergebnisse einer Forschungsreise in westlichen und zentralen Südafrika. Vierter Band. Systematik und Tiergeographie. - Denkschriften der medizinisch naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Jena 16(4):1–370, pls 1–12 [Chapter pagination: 91–146]. 99 (as virescens)
Nigeria   Druce H. 1890. Lepidoptera Heterocera. – In: Jameson J. S., Story of the rear column of the Emin Pasha relief expedition. - — :i–xxxii, 1–455 (chapter pagination: 446–452). 446 (as virescens)
Oman   Wiltshire E. P. 1980b. The larger moths of Dhofar and their zoogeographic composition. - Journal of Oman Studies Special Rep. 2:187–216. 194 (as virescens)
Rwanda   Schouteden H. 1933. Lépidoptères récoltés par M. Verhulst en région de Gabiru (Ruanda). - Revue de Zoologie et Botanique Africaines 22(4):386–389. 389 (as virescens)
Réunion   Guillermet C. & Guillermet C. W. W. 1986. Contribution à l'étude des Papillons Hétérocères de l'Ile de la Réunion. Résultats des chasses de nuit à l'usage des amateurs et des débutants. - — :1–321. 139 (as virescens)
Senegal   Boisduval J. B. A. 1875. Sphingides, Sésiides, Castnides. – In: Boisduval, J. B. A. & Guenée, A. (eds.), Histoire naturelle des insectes. Spécies général des Lépidoptères Hétérocères. - — 1:i–iv, 1–568. 376 (as confinis)
Seychelles Menai Legrand H. 1966. Lépidoptères des îles Seychelles et d'Aldabra. - Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle (A)37 (1965):1–210, pls 1–16. 168 (as virescens)
Seychelles Cosmoledo Legrand H. 1966. Lépidoptères des îles Seychelles et d'Aldabra. - Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle (A)37 (1965):1–210, pls 1–16. 168 (as virescens)
Seychelles Marie-Anne Gerlach J. & Matyot P. 2006. Lepidoptera of the Seychelles islands. - — :1–130, 32 pls. 89 (as virescens)
Seychelles Coëtivy Fletcher T. B. 1910a. Lepidoptera exclusive of the Tortricidae and Tineidae, with some remarks on their distribution and means of dispersal among the islands of the Indian Ocean. (The Percy Sladen Trust Expedition to the Indian Ocean in 1905). - Transactions of the Linnean Society of London (2) Zool. 13(1):265–324, pl. 17. 284 (as virescens)
Seychelles Glorioso Islands Hampson G. F. 1908a. On the moths collected during the cruise of the "Valhalla" during the winter 1905–06 by Mr. E. G. B. Meade-Waldo. - Annals and Magazine of Natural History (8) 1(6):474–491. 485 (as virescens)
Seychelles Arros Fletcher T. B. 1910a. Lepidoptera exclusive of the Tortricidae and Tineidae, with some remarks on their distribution and means of dispersal among the islands of the Indian Ocean. (The Percy Sladen Trust Expedition to the Indian Ocean in 1905). - Transactions of the Linnean Society of London (2) Zool. 13(1):265–324, pl. 17. 284 (as virescens)
Seychelles Poivre Fletcher T. B. 1910a. Lepidoptera exclusive of the Tortricidae and Tineidae, with some remarks on their distribution and means of dispersal among the islands of the Indian Ocean. (The Percy Sladen Trust Expedition to the Indian Ocean in 1905). - Transactions of the Linnean Society of London (2) Zool. 13(1):265–324, pl. 17. 283 (as virescens)
Seychelles Assomption Fryer J. C. F. 1912. The Lepidoptera of Seychelles and Aldabra, exclusive of the Orneodidae and Pterophoridae and of the Tortricina and Tineina. - Transactions of the Linnean Society of London (2)15 (Zool.)(1):1–28, pl. 1. 15 (as virescens)
Seychelles Aldabra Fryer J. C. F. 1912. The Lepidoptera of Seychelles and Aldabra, exclusive of the Orneodidae and Pterophoridae and of the Tortricina and Tineina. - Transactions of the Linnean Society of London (2)15 (Zool.)(1):1–28, pl. 1. 15 (as virescens)
Seychelles Desroches Fletcher T. B. 1910a. Lepidoptera exclusive of the Tortricidae and Tineidae, with some remarks on their distribution and means of dispersal among the islands of the Indian Ocean. (The Percy Sladen Trust Expedition to the Indian Ocean in 1905). - Transactions of the Linnean Society of London (2) Zool. 13(1):265–324, pl. 17. 283 (as virescens)
Seychelles Conception Matyot P. 2005. The hawkmoths (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae) of Seychelles: identification, historical background, distribution, food plants and ecological considerations. - Phelsuma 13:55–80. 61 (as virescens)
Seychelles Alphonse Matyot P. 2005. The hawkmoths (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae) of Seychelles: identification, historical background, distribution, food plants and ecological considerations. - Phelsuma 13:55–80. 62 (as virescens)
Seychelles North Gerlach K., Willi J. & Gerlach R. 2001. The ecology of North island. - Phelsuma 9:29–38. 38 (as virescens)
Seychelles   Rebel H. 1907a. Lepidopteren aus Südarabien und von der Insel Sokotra. - Denkschriften der österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien 71(2):31–130, pl. 1. 80 (as virescens)
Seychelles Mahé Joannis J. de 1894. Mission scientifique de Ch. Alluaud des îles Seychelles. - Annales de la Société entomologique de France 63:425–438. 430 (as virescens)
Seychelles Silhouette Fryer J. C. F. 1912. The Lepidoptera of Seychelles and Aldabra, exclusive of the Orneodidae and Pterophoridae and of the Tortricina and Tineina. - Transactions of the Linnean Society of London (2)15 (Zool.)(1):1–28, pl. 1. 15 (as virescens)
Sierra Leone   Boisduval J. B. A. 1875. Sphingides, Sésiides, Castnides. – In: Boisduval, J. B. A. & Guenée, A. (eds.), Histoire naturelle des insectes. Spécies général des Lépidoptères Hétérocères. - — 1:i–iv, 1–568. 376 (as confinis)
Somalia   Holland W. J. 1896b. List of the Lepidoptera collected in Somaliland, East Africa, by Mr. William Astor Chanler and Lieutenant von Hoehnel. - Proceedings of the United States National Museum 18(1895)(1063):259–264. 264 (as virescens)
South Africa   Boisduval J. B. A. 1847. Catalogue des Lépidoptères recueillis par M. Delegorgue pendant les années 1838–1844 à Port Natal, au pays des Amazoulous et dans la contrée de Massilicatzi. – In: Delegorgue A. (ed.), Voyage dans l'Afrique australe 1838–1844. - — 2:585–602. 594 (as virescens)
South Africa Gauteng Buckle A. S. 1908. Notes on a collection of Lepidoptera from Aden and from the Transvaal. - The Entomologist 41(536):7–10. 9
South Africa Eastern Cape Möschler H. B. 1884. Beiträge zur Schmetterlings-fauna des Kaffernlandes. - Verhandlungen der kaiserlich-königlichen zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 33 (1883):267–310, pl. 16. 288 (as virescens)
South Africa KwaZulu-Natal Wallengren H. D. J. 1856. Anteckningar I Zoologien. I. Kafferlandets Macrolepidoptera-fauna. - — :1–97. 11 (as virescens)
South Africa Mpumalanga van den Berg M. A., Vermeulen J. B., Braack H. H. & Braack A. L. 1975. Pylstertmotte (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae) van die Nasionale Krugerwildtuin. - Koedoe 18(1):13–29. 23 (as virescens)
Tanzania   Strand E. 1911i. Zoologische Ergebnisse des Expedition das Herrn Hauptmann A. D. Fromm 1908/09 nach Deutsch-Ostafrika. - Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin 5(2):275–304. 294 (as virescens)
Uganda   Waller J. M., Bigger M. & Hillocks R. J. 2007. Coffee pests, diseases and their management. - — :i–viii, 1–434. 107 (as virescens)
Uganda Ssese Islands Grünberg K. 1910a. Zur Kenntnis der Lepidopterenfauna der Sesse-Inseln im Victoria Nyanza. - Sitzungsberichten der Gesellschaft naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1910(3):146–181. 156 (as virescens)
Yemen   Rebel H. 1907a. Lepidopteren aus Südarabien und von der Insel Sokotra. - Denkschriften der österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien 71(2):31–130, pl. 1. 80 (as virescens)
Zambia   Hampson G. F. 1910c. Zoological collections from Northern Rhodesia and adjacent territories: Lepidoptera Phalaenae. - Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1910(2):388–510, pls 36–41. 462 (as virescens)
Zimbabwe   Hampson G. F. 1910c. Zoological collections from Northern Rhodesia and adjacent territories: Lepidoptera Phalaenae. - Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1910(2):388–510, pls 36–41. 462 (as virescens)

Notes:  Australasia: Australia; Oriental: India, Malaysia, Vietnam; Palaearctic: China, Japan. The nominate subspecies does not occur in the Afrotropical region.

Host Plants

FAMILY SPECIES COUNTRY PUBLICATIONPAGE
Rubiaceae Coffea sp. Angola Rougeot P.-C. 1966a. Note sur les Lépidoptères Sphingides du Musée de Dundo (Angola). - Publicações Culturais da Companhia de Diamantes de Angola 76:13–27. 22
Rubiaceae Kraussia lanceolata South Africa Fawcett J. M. 1901. Notes on the transformations of some South-African Lepidoptera. - Transactions of the zoological Society of London 15(6):291–322, pls. 46–49. 313
Rubiaceae Gardenia augusta South Africa Distant W. L. 1903. Insecta Transvaaliensia: a contribution to a knowledge of the Entomology of South Africa. Order Lepidoptera. Suborder Heterocera. - — :49–96, pls iii–viii. 65
Rubiaceae Guettarda speciosa Seychelles Fletcher T. B. 1910a. Lepidoptera exclusive of the Tortricidae and Tineidae, with some remarks on their distribution and means of dispersal among the islands of the Indian Ocean. (The Percy Sladen Trust Expedition to the Indian Ocean in 1905). - Transactions of the Linnean Society of London (2) Zool. 13(1):265–324, pl. 17. 283
Rubiaceae Gardenia sp. South Africa Fawcett J. M. 1901. Notes on the transformations of some South-African Lepidoptera. - Transactions of the zoological Society of London 15(6):291–322, pls. 46–49. 313
Rubiaceae Pavetta mollissima Ivory Coast Vuattoux R., Pierre J. & Haxaire J. 1989. Les Sphinx de Côte-d'Ivoire, avec des données nouvelles sur les élevages effectués à la Station écologique de Lamto (Lep. Sphingidae). - Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 93 (1988)(7–8):239–255. 244 (as virescens)
Rubiaceae Morelia senegalensis Ivory Coast Vuattoux R., Pierre J. & Haxaire J. 1989. Les Sphinx de Côte-d'Ivoire, avec des données nouvelles sur les élevages effectués à la Station écologique de Lamto (Lep. Sphingidae). - Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 93 (1988)(7–8):239–255. 244 (as virescens)
Rubiaceae Canthium bibracteatum Seychelles Gerlach J. 1998a. New and rediscovered animals in Seychelles. - Phelsuma 6:74–76. 76
Rubiaceae Burchellia sp.   Pinhey E. C. G. 1975. Moths of southern Africa. Descriptions and colour illustrations of 1183 species. - — :i–iv, 1–273, pls 1–63. 137
Rubiaceae Pavetta sp.   Pinhey E. C. G. 1975. Moths of southern Africa. Descriptions and colour illustrations of 1183 species. - — :i–iv, 1–273, pls 1–63. 137
Rubiaceae Vangueria sp.   Pinhey E. C. G. 1975. Moths of southern Africa. Descriptions and colour illustrations of 1183 species. - — :i–iv, 1–273, pls 1–63. 137
Bignoniaceae Spathodea sp. Kenya Sevastopulo D. G. 1984. The Gesneriaceae and Bignoniaceae as food-plants of the Lepidoptera. - Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 38(3):235–236. 236