Hyles livornica (Esper, 1780)

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FAMILY Sphingidae
SUBFAMILY Macroglossinae
GENUS Hyles
SPECIES livornica
AUTHOR(Esper, 1780)
ORIGINAL COMBINATIONSphinx livornica
TYPE LOCALITYItaly.
GEOGRAPHICAL COORDINATES /
TYPE SPECIMEN(S) Lectotype ♀, designated by H. Hacker (1999d: 453), MWNH; Paralectotypes 1♂, 3♀, MWNH.
STATUS Species
PUBLICATION Esper E. J. C. 1778–1786. Die Schmetterlinge in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen. Die Abendschmetterlinge. - — 2:1–234, pls. 1–36.
PAGINATION 88, 196; pl. 8, fig. 4 Bhl

Species pictures

Synonyms

NAME AUTHOR STATUS
koechlini (Fuessly, 1781) Synonym of species
malgassica (Denso, 1944) Synonym of species
renneri Eitschberger, Danner & Surholt, 1998 Synonym of species
saharae (Gehlen, 1932) Synonym of species
tatsienluica (Oberthür, 1916) Synonym of species

Species Distribution

COUNTRY PROVINCE/STATE PUBLICATION PAGE
Algeria Hoggar and Tassili Rothschild W. 1915a. On the Lepidoptera collected in 1913–1914 by Herr Geyr von Schweppenburg on a journey to the Hoggar Mountains (Sahara). - Annals and Magazine of Natural History (8) 16(94):247–258; (95): 392–402. 249
Burkina Faso   Prost A. 1986. Liste provisoire des Sphingidae de Haute-Volta (Lep.). - Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 90 (1985)(9–10):xxi–xxiv. xxii (as lineata)
Cameroon   Darge Ph. 1973b. Lépidoptères Attacidae et Sphingidae récoltés dans le Nord Cameroun par M. le Docteur G. Nonveiller. - Annales de la Faculté des Sciences du Cameroun 1973(12):55–62. 61
Cape Verde São Nicolao Traub B. & Bauer E. 1982. Zur Macro-Lepidopteren-Fauna der Kapverdische Inseln. – In: Lobin W., Ergebnisse des 1. Symposiums "Fauna und Flora der Kapverdischen Inseln". - Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 52:225–229. 227
Cape Verde Boavista Tennent W. J. & Russell P. J. C. 2015. Notes on some hawk-moths (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae) from the Cape Verde Islands. - Zoologia Caboverdiana 5(2):105–110. 109
Cape Verde Maio Tennent W. J. & Russell P. J. C. 2015. Notes on some hawk-moths (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae) from the Cape Verde Islands. - Zoologia Caboverdiana 5(2):105–110. 109
Cape Verde São Vicente Nyström V. 1958. Macrolepidoptera from the Cape Verde Islands. - Commentationes Biologicae, Societatis Scientiarum Fennica 17(7):1–36. 17
Cape Verde Sal Nyström V. 1958. Macrolepidoptera from the Cape Verde Islands. - Commentationes Biologicae, Societatis Scientiarum Fennica 17(7):1–36. 17
Cape Verde Santo Antão Traub B. & Bauer E. 1982. Zur Macro-Lepidopteren-Fauna der Kapverdische Inseln. – In: Lobin W., Ergebnisse des 1. Symposiums "Fauna und Flora der Kapverdischen Inseln". - Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 52:225–229. 227
Cape Verde Santiago Nyström V. 1958. Macrolepidoptera from the Cape Verde Islands. - Commentationes Biologicae, Societatis Scientiarum Fennica 17(7):1–36. 17
Cape Verde Fogo Traub B. & Bauer E. 1982. Zur Macro-Lepidopteren-Fauna der Kapverdische Inseln. – In: Lobin W., Ergebnisse des 1. Symposiums "Fauna und Flora der Kapverdischen Inseln". - Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 52:225–229. 227
Cape Verde Brava Aurivillius C. 1910b. Schmetterlinge gesammelt in Westafrika von Leonardo Fea in den Jahren 1897–1902. - Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Ser. 3) 4:494–530. 497
Comoros Grande Comore (Ngazidja) Turlin B. 1996b. Faune lépidoptérologique de l'Archipel des Comores (Océan Indien), (Rhopalocères, Sphingidae, Attacidae) (9). - Lambillionea 96(2):329–339. 337
Eritrea   Le Cerf F. 1924a. Contribution à la faune des Lépidoptères de l'Erythrée. - Annales de la Société entomologique de France 93:193–210. 210
Ethiopia   Strand E. 1911d. Tagfalter und Schwärmer aus Abyssinien, gesammelt von Herrn A. Kostlan. - Archiv für Naturgeschichte 77(1 (suppl. 3)):87–94. 94
Gabon   Basquin P. & Pierre J. 2004. Complément à la connaissance des Sphinx du Gabon (Lep. Sphingidae). - Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 109(1):91–92. 92
Gambia     New record (R. Goff)
Kenya   Carcasson R. H. 1968. Revised catalogue of the African Sphingidae (Lepidoptera) with descriptions of the East African species. - Journal of the East Africa Natural History and National Museum 26(3):1–148, pls 1–17.  
Lesotho   Kopij G. 2006. Lepidoptera fauna of Lesotho. - Acta zoologica cracoviensia 49B(1–2):137–180. 159
Madagascar   Mabille P. 1880a. Recensement des Lépidoptères Hétérocères observés jusqu'à ce jour à Madagascar. - Annales de la Société entomologique de France (5) 9 (1879):291–348. 296 (as lineata)
Mali   Eitschberger U. & Müller G. 2014b. Beitrag zur Sphingidae-Fauna von Zentralmali, Nordwest-Afrika (Lepidoptera, Sphingidae). - Neue Entomologische Nachrichten 70:208–212. 211
Namibia   Grünberg K. 1910c. In: Schultze L.: Zoologische und anthropologische Ergebnisse einer Forschungsreise in westlichen und zentralen Südafrika. Vierter Band. Systematik und Tiergeographie. - Denkschriften der medizinisch naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Jena 16(4):1–370, pls 1–12 [Chapter pagination: 91–146]. 99
Nigeria   Delf B. H. & Harris K. M. 1964. Notes on Nigerian hawkmoths. - The Nigerian Field 29(4):150–160. 153
Oman   Wiltshire E. P. 1985b. New Heterocera from Oman (with a revised list of the moths known from the Musandam Peninsula). - Journal of Oman Studies 7:39–48. 43
Rwanda     New record (P. Basquin)
Saudi Arabia   Wiltshire E. P. 1952a. Lepidoptera recently taken in Arabia. - Bulletin of the Society Fouad I Entomology 36:135–174, pl. 1. 152
Somalia   Druce H. 1900. Lepidoptera Heterocera. – In: Peel, C. V. A., On a collection of insects and arachnids made in 1895 and 1897 by Mr. C. V. A. Peel, F. Z. S., in Somaliland with descriptions of new species. - Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1900(1):4–63, pls. 1–4. 20
South Africa   Walker F. 1856b. List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum. Part VIII.– Sphingidae. - — 8:i–iv, 1–271. 165
South Africa Eastern Cape Möschler H. B. 1884. Beiträge zur Schmetterlings-fauna des Kaffernlandes. - Verhandlungen der kaiserlich-königlichen zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 33 (1883):267–310, pl. 16. 287
South Africa Gauteng Buckle A. S. 1908. Notes on a collection of Lepidoptera from Aden and from the Transvaal. - The Entomologist 41(536):7–10. 10
South Africa Mpumalanga van den Berg M. A., Vermeulen J. B., Braack H. H. & Braack A. L. 1975. Pylstertmotte (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae) van die Nasionale Krugerwildtuin. - Koedoe 18(1):13–29. 26
Sudan   Warren W. & Rothschild W. 1905. Lepidoptera from the Sudan. - Novitates Zoologicae 12:21–33, pl. 4. 22
Tanzania, United Republic of   Carcasson R. H. 1968. Revised catalogue of the African Sphingidae (Lepidoptera) with descriptions of the East African species. - Journal of the East Africa Natural History and National Museum 26(3):1–148, pls 1–17.  
Uganda     P. Basquin
United Arab Emirates   Legrain A. & Wiltshire E. P. 1998. Provisional checklist of the Macro-Heterocera (Lepidoptera) of the UAE. - Tribulus 8(2):5–8. 6
Western Sahara   Rungs Ch. 1992. Premier aperçu sur la faune des lépidoptères du Sahara occidental. - Alexanor 17:335–382. 360
Yemen   Butler A. G. 1884b. On a collection of Lepidoptera made by Major J. W. Yerbury at or near Aden. - Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1884:478–503, pl. 46. 494

Notes:  Palaearctic: Algeria, Azores, Canary Islands, China, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Japan, Jordan, Madeira, South Europe.

Host Plants

FAMILY SPECIES COUNTRY PUBLICATIONPAGE
Undefined Undefined Polyphagous   Distant W. L. 1903. Insecta Transvaaliensia: a contribution to a knowledge of the Entomology of South Africa. Order Lepidoptera. Suborder Heterocera. - — :49–96, pls iii–viii. 71
Nyctaginaceae Boerhavia elegans   Walsingham Thomas de Grey & Hampson G. F. 1896. On moths collected at Aden and in Somaliland. - Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1896(1):257–283, pl. 10. 268
Xanthorrhoeaceae Bulbine asphodeloides South Africa Taylor J. S. 1949b. Notes on Lepidoptera in the Eastern Cape Province (Part I). - Journal of the entomological Society of Southern Africa 12:78–95, 2 pls.. 86
Xanthorrhoeaceae Aloe striata South Africa Taylor J. S. 1949b. Notes on Lepidoptera in the Eastern Cape Province (Part I). - Journal of the entomological Society of Southern Africa 12:78–95, 2 pls.. 86
Polygonaceae Rumex sp.   Walker D. H. & Pittaway A. R. 1987. Insects of Eastern Arabia. - — . 52–53
Polygonaceae Calligonum comosum Tunisia Dumont C. 1926. Les chenilles du Calligonum comosum, L'Héritier. - Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 31(19):221–224. 222
Xanthorrhoeaceae Asphodelus sp.   Walker D. H. & Pittaway A. R. 1987. Insects of Eastern Arabia. - — . 52–53
Xanthorrhoeaceae Asphodelus fistulosus Cape Verde Baliteau L. & Baliteau S. 2011. Lépidoptères de Santo Antão en République du Cap-Vert. - Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 116(1):81–90. 88
Polygonaceae Emex spinosa Cape Verde Baliteau L. & Baliteau S. 2011. Lépidoptères de Santo Antão en République du Cap-Vert. - Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 116(1):81–90. 88
Boraginaceae Trichodesma africanum Cape Verde Baliteau L. & Baliteau S. 2011. Lépidoptères de Santo Antão en République du Cap-Vert. - Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 116(1):81–90. 88
Xanthorrhoeaceae Asphodelus tenuifolius Cape Verde Baliteau L. & Baliteau S. 2011. Lépidoptères de Santo Antão en République du Cap-Vert. - Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 116(1):81–90. 88
Nyctaginaceae Boerhavia helenae Cape Verde Baliteau L. & Baliteau S. 2011. Lépidoptères de Santo Antão en République du Cap-Vert. - Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 116(1):81–90. 89
Plantaginaceae Misopates orontium Cape Verde Baliteau L. & Baliteau S. 2011. Lépidoptères de Santo Antão en République du Cap-Vert. - Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 116(1):81–90. 89
Nyctaginaceae Boerhavia sp. Cape Verde Mück O. & Traub B. 1987. Ergänzungen zur Macrolepidopteren-Fauna. - Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 95:91–97. 95
Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia hirta Cape Verde Mück O. & Traub B. 1987. Ergänzungen zur Macrolepidopteren-Fauna. - Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 95:91–97. 95