Hypena commixtalis Zeller, 1852

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FAMILY Erebidae
SUBFAMILY Hypeninae
GENUS Hypena
SPECIES commixtalis
AUTHORZeller, 1852
ORIGINAL COMBINATION[Hypena] Commixtalis
TYPE LOCALITY[South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal], "Habitat in terra Natalensi", leg. J. A. Wahlberg.
GEOGRAPHICAL COORDINATES /
TYPE SPECIMEN(S) Holotype ♀, SNHM, not retrieved (see M. Lödl 1994h: 399).
STATUS Species
COMMENTNomen oblitum or nomen dubium (see M. Lödl 1994h: 399); considered as a valid species by H. Hacker (2021: 134).
PUBLICATION Zeller P. C. 1852b. Lepidoptera Microptera, quae J. A. Wahlberg in Caffrorum terra collegit. - Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Nye Handlingar (Ser. 3) 40:1–120.
PAGINATION 8–9

Species pictures

Synonyms

NAME AUTHOR STATUS
acrocompsa Turner, 1932 Synonym of species
hemigrammalis Mabille, 1880 Synonym of species
laceratalis Walker, 1859 Synonym of species
senectalis Guenée, 1862 Synonym of species

Species Distribution

COUNTRY PROVINCE/STATE PUBLICATION PAGE
Angola   Lödl M. 1995h. Revision der Gattung Hypena Schrank, 1802 s.l., der äthiopischen und madagassischen Region, Teil 2. - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 97B:255–393. 296 (as laceratalis)
Botswana   Lödl M. 1994h. Revision der Gattung Hypena Schrank 1802 s.l., der äthiopischen und madagassischen Region, Teil 1 (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Hypeninae). - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 96B:373–590. 513 (as laceratalis)
Cameroon   Hacker H. H. 2021. Rivulinae, Hypeninae, Herminiinae and Hypenodinae (Erebidae). Evolution of diversity of the African flora and fauna. — In: Hacker H. (ed.), Moths of Africa, Systematic and illustrated catalogue of the Heterocera (Lepidoptera) of Africa. - — 2:1–720. 135
Cape Verde   Hacker H. H., Schreier H.-P. & Aistleitner E. 2010. Noctuidae of Cape Verde Islands (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae). - Esperiana Memoir 5:7–96. 15 (as laceratalis)
Democratic Republic of Congo Katanga Hacker H. H. 2021. Rivulinae, Hypeninae, Herminiinae and Hypenodinae (Erebidae). Evolution of diversity of the African flora and fauna. — In: Hacker H. (ed.), Moths of Africa, Systematic and illustrated catalogue of the Heterocera (Lepidoptera) of Africa. - — 2:1–720. 135
Ethiopia   Lödl M. 1994h. Revision der Gattung Hypena Schrank 1802 s.l., der äthiopischen und madagassischen Region, Teil 1 (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Hypeninae). - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 96B:373–590. 512 (as laceratalis)
Ghana   Hacker H. H. 2021. Rivulinae, Hypeninae, Herminiinae and Hypenodinae (Erebidae). Evolution of diversity of the African flora and fauna. — In: Hacker H. (ed.), Moths of Africa, Systematic and illustrated catalogue of the Heterocera (Lepidoptera) of Africa. - — 2:1–720. 135
Ivory Coast   Lödl M. 1994h. Revision der Gattung Hypena Schrank 1802 s.l., der äthiopischen und madagassischen Region, Teil 1 (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Hypeninae). - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 96B:373–590. 512 (as laceratalis)
Kenya   Lödl M. 1994h. Revision der Gattung Hypena Schrank 1802 s.l., der äthiopischen und madagassischen Region, Teil 1 (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Hypeninae). - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 96B:373–590. 512 (as laceratalis)
Madagascar   Mabille P. 1880e. Comptes Rendus. Diagnoses Lepidopterorum Malgassicorum. - Bulletin de la Société entomologique de Belgique 23:xvi–xxvii. 20 (as hemigrammalis)
Malawi   Lödl M. 1994h. Revision der Gattung Hypena Schrank 1802 s.l., der äthiopischen und madagassischen Region, Teil 1 (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Hypeninae). - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 96B:373–590. 512 (as laceratalis)
Mauritania   Hacker H. H., Schreier H.-P. & Aistleitner E. 2010. Noctuidae of Cape Verde Islands (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae). - Esperiana Memoir 5:7–96. 15 (as laceratalis)
Mauritius   Lödl M. 1994h. Revision der Gattung Hypena Schrank 1802 s.l., der äthiopischen und madagassischen Region, Teil 1 (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Hypeninae). - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 96B:373–590. 513 (as laceratalis)
Mozambique   Lödl M. 1994h. Revision der Gattung Hypena Schrank 1802 s.l., der äthiopischen und madagassischen Region, Teil 1 (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Hypeninae). - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 96B:373–590. 513 (as laceratalis)
Namibia   Hacker H. H. 2021. Rivulinae, Hypeninae, Herminiinae and Hypenodinae (Erebidae). Evolution of diversity of the African flora and fauna. — In: Hacker H. (ed.), Moths of Africa, Systematic and illustrated catalogue of the Heterocera (Lepidoptera) of Africa. - — 2:1–720. 135
Oman   Hacker H. H. 2021. Rivulinae, Hypeninae, Herminiinae and Hypenodinae (Erebidae). Evolution of diversity of the African flora and fauna. — In: Hacker H. (ed.), Moths of Africa, Systematic and illustrated catalogue of the Heterocera (Lepidoptera) of Africa. - — 2:1–720. 136
Réunion   Guenée A. M. 1862. Lépidoptères. – In: Maillard, L., Notes sur l'île de la Réunion (Bourbon) (Annexe G). - — :1–72; pls. 12–13. 55 (as senectalis)
Saudi Arabia   Wiltshire E. P. 1982a. Insects of Saudi Arabia. Lepidoptera: Fam. Cossidae, Zygaenidae, Sesiidae, Lasiocampidae, Bombycidae, Sphingidae, Thaumetopoeidae, Thyretidae, Notodontidae, Geometridae, Lymantriidae, Noctuidae, Ctenuchidae (Part 2). - Fauna of Saudi Arabia 4:271–331. 327 (as laceratalis)
Sierra Leone   Lödl M. 1994h. Revision der Gattung Hypena Schrank 1802 s.l., der äthiopischen und madagassischen Region, Teil 1 (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Hypeninae). - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 96B:373–590. 512 (as laceratalis)
Somalia   Hacker H. H. 2021. Rivulinae, Hypeninae, Herminiinae and Hypenodinae (Erebidae). Evolution of diversity of the African flora and fauna. — In: Hacker H. (ed.), Moths of Africa, Systematic and illustrated catalogue of the Heterocera (Lepidoptera) of Africa. - — 2:1–720. 135
South Africa KwaZulu-Natal Lödl M. 1994h. Revision der Gattung Hypena Schrank 1802 s.l., der äthiopischen und madagassischen Region, Teil 1 (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Hypeninae). - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 96B:373–590. 513 (as laceratalis)
South Africa Limpopo Hacker H. H. 2021. Rivulinae, Hypeninae, Herminiinae and Hypenodinae (Erebidae). Evolution of diversity of the African flora and fauna. — In: Hacker H. (ed.), Moths of Africa, Systematic and illustrated catalogue of the Heterocera (Lepidoptera) of Africa. - — 2:1–720. 135
South Africa North-West Hacker H. H. 2021. Rivulinae, Hypeninae, Herminiinae and Hypenodinae (Erebidae). Evolution of diversity of the African flora and fauna. — In: Hacker H. (ed.), Moths of Africa, Systematic and illustrated catalogue of the Heterocera (Lepidoptera) of Africa. - — 2:1–720. 135
South Africa Gauteng Lödl M. 1994h. Revision der Gattung Hypena Schrank 1802 s.l., der äthiopischen und madagassischen Region, Teil 1 (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Hypeninae). - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 96B:373–590. 512 (as laceratalis)
South Africa Eastern Cape Lödl M. 1994h. Revision der Gattung Hypena Schrank 1802 s.l., der äthiopischen und madagassischen Region, Teil 1 (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Hypeninae). - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 96B:373–590. 513 (as laceratalis)
Sudan   Lödl M. 1994h. Revision der Gattung Hypena Schrank 1802 s.l., der äthiopischen und madagassischen Region, Teil 1 (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Hypeninae). - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 96B:373–590. 512 (as laceratalis)
Tanzania   Lödl M. 1994h. Revision der Gattung Hypena Schrank 1802 s.l., der äthiopischen und madagassischen Region, Teil 1 (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Hypeninae). - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 96B:373–590. 512 (as laceratalis)
Uganda   Lödl M. 1994h. Revision der Gattung Hypena Schrank 1802 s.l., der äthiopischen und madagassischen Region, Teil 1 (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Hypeninae). - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 96B:373–590. 512 (as laceratalis)
United Arab Emirates   Fibiger M. & Legrain A. 2009. Order Lepidoptera, superfamily Noctuoidea. – In: van Harten, A. (ed.) Arthropod fauna of the UAE. - — 2:480—660. 507 (as laceratalis)
Yemen   Hacker H. H., Aulombard F., Bischof A., Bittermann J., Fibiger M. & Schreier H.-P. 2001. Lepidoptera of Yemen Arab Republic, collected during three expeditions in 1996, 1998 and 2000. - Esperiana 8:597–632. 611 (as laceratalis)
Yemen Socotra Lödl M. 1994h. Revision der Gattung Hypena Schrank 1802 s.l., der äthiopischen und madagassischen Region, Teil 1 (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Hypeninae). - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 96B:373–590. 512 (as laceratalis)
Zimbabwe   Lödl M. 1994h. Revision der Gattung Hypena Schrank 1802 s.l., der äthiopischen und madagassischen Region, Teil 1 (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Hypeninae). - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 96B:373–590. 513 (as laceratalis)

Notes:  Australasian: Australia, Cook Islands, Fiji, Hawaii (introduced), New Caledonia, New Hebrides, Samoa, Tonga; Oriental: China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan; Palaearctic: Iraq.

Host Plants

FAMILY SPECIES COUNTRY PUBLICATIONPAGE
Rutaceae Citrus sp.   Hacker H. H. 2016a. Systematic and illustrated catalogue of the Macroheterocera and Cossoidea Leach, [1815], Zygaenoidea Latreille, 1809, Thyridoidea Herrich-Schäffer, 1846 and Hyblaeoidea Hampson, 1903 of the Arabian Peninsula, with a survey of their distribution (Lepid.). - Esperiana 20(1):1–742; (2): 1–430. 163 (as laceratalis)
Fabaceae Desmodium sp.   Hacker H. H. 2016a. Systematic and illustrated catalogue of the Macroheterocera and Cossoidea Leach, [1815], Zygaenoidea Latreille, 1809, Thyridoidea Herrich-Schäffer, 1846 and Hyblaeoidea Hampson, 1903 of the Arabian Peninsula, with a survey of their distribution (Lepid.). - Esperiana 20(1):1–742; (2): 1–430. 163 (as laceratalis)
Acanthaceae Hemigraphis sp.   Hacker H. H. 2016a. Systematic and illustrated catalogue of the Macroheterocera and Cossoidea Leach, [1815], Zygaenoidea Latreille, 1809, Thyridoidea Herrich-Schäffer, 1846 and Hyblaeoidea Hampson, 1903 of the Arabian Peninsula, with a survey of their distribution (Lepid.). - Esperiana 20(1):1–742; (2): 1–430. 163 (as laceratalis)
Acanthaceae Hygrophila sp.   Hacker H. H. 2016a. Systematic and illustrated catalogue of the Macroheterocera and Cossoidea Leach, [1815], Zygaenoidea Latreille, 1809, Thyridoidea Herrich-Schäffer, 1846 and Hyblaeoidea Hampson, 1903 of the Arabian Peninsula, with a survey of their distribution (Lepid.). - Esperiana 20(1):1–742; (2): 1–430. 163 (as laceratalis)
Verbenaceae Lantana camara Réunion Martiré D. & Rochat J. 2008. Les papillons de La Réunion et leurs chenilles. - — :1–496. 388 (as laceratalis)
Verbenaceae Lantana camara United Arab Emirates Fibiger M. & Legrain A. 2009. Order Lepidoptera, superfamily Noctuoidea. – In: van Harten, A. (ed.) Arthropod fauna of the UAE. - — 2:480—660. 507 (as laceratalis)
Asteraceae Helichrysum epapposum South Africa Hacker H. H. 2021. Rivulinae, Hypeninae, Herminiinae and Hypenodinae (Erebidae). Evolution of diversity of the African flora and fauna. — In: Hacker H. (ed.), Moths of Africa, Systematic and illustrated catalogue of the Heterocera (Lepidoptera) of Africa. - — 2:1–720. 136