Ophiusa tirhaca (Cramer, 1777)

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FAMILY Erebidae
SUBFAMILY Erebinae
GENUS Ophiusa
SPECIES tirhaca
AUTHOR(Cramer, 1777)
ORIGINAL COMBINATIONPhal.[aena] Noct.[ua] Tirhaca
TYPE LOCALITY[South Africa, Western Cape], Kaap de Goede Hoop.
GEOGRAPHICAL COORDINATES /
TYPE SPECIMEN(S) Type in coll. C. van Lennep, probably lost.
STATUS Species
PUBLICATION Cramer P. 1777. De uitlandsche Kapellen voorkomende in de drie waereld-deelen Asia, Africa en America, by een verzameld en beschreeven door den heer Pieter Cramer (etc.). - — 2(9–16):1–152, pls 97–192.
PAGINATION 116, index; pl. 172, fig. E Bhl

Species pictures

Synonyms

NAME AUTHOR STATUS
auricularis (Hübner, 1803) Synonym of species
clementi (Swinhoe, 1918) Synonym of species
hottentota (Guenée, 1852) Synonym of species
obscura Pinker, 1979 Synonym of species
separans (Walker, 1858) Synonym of species
tirrhaea (Fabricius, 1781) Synonym of species
vesta (Esper, 1789) Synonym of species
whitei Wiltshire, 1977 Synonym of species

Species Distribution

COUNTRY PROVINCE/STATE PUBLICATION PAGE
Cape Verde Santo Antão Báez M. & García A. 2005. Lepidoptera. – In: Arechavaleta M., Zurita N., Marrero M. C. & Martín J. L. (eds). Lista preliminar de especies silvestres de Cabo Verde (hongos, plantas y animales terrestres). - — :1–155; chapter pagination 87–90. 88
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Katanga Berio E. 1965a. Le Catocaline Africane a tibie spinose del Museo di Tervuren. - Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria 75:181–332, pl. 18. 264
Eritrea   Berio E. 1941b. Contributo alla studio dei lepidotteri eteroceri dell'Eritrea VII. Euchromiidae, Arctiidae, Agaristidae, Lymantriidae, Lasiocampidae, Noctuidae raccolte dal sig. G. Vaccaro nel 1938. - Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova 61:176–190. 188
Gambia   Druce H. 1887a. Lepidoptera Heterocera. – In: Moloney, A. C., Sketch of the forestry of West Africa with particular reference to its present principal commercial products. - — :i–vi, 1–533 (chapter pagination: 492–507). 501
Ghana   Wagner M. R., Cobbinah J. R. & Bosu P. P. 2008. Forest entomology in West Tropical Africa; Forest insects of Ghana. Second Edition. - — :i–lxx, 1–244. 37 (as ophiusa)
Lesotho     TMSA
Madagascar   Butler A. G. 1879b. On a collection of Lepidoptera from Madagascar. - Cistula Entomologica 2:389–394. 393
Mauritania   Hacker H. H., Schreier H.-P. & Aistleitner E. 2010. Noctuidae of Cape Verde Islands (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae). - Esperiana Memoir 5:7–96. 18
Mauritius   Hampson G. F. 1913c. Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Phalaenae in the collection of the British Museum (Nat. Hist.). XII. Noctuidae. - — 12:i–xiii, 1–626. 433
Mauritius Rodrigues Hampson G. F. 1913c. Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Phalaenae in the collection of the British Museum (Nat. Hist.). XII. Noctuidae. - — 12:i–xiii, 1–626. 433
Namibia   Kopij G. 2014. Lepidoptera fauna of Namibia. I. Seasonal distribution of moths of the Koakoland (Mopane) Savanna in Ogongo, northern Namibia. - Fragmenta Faunistica 57(2):117–129. 124
Oman   Wiltshire E. P. 1977b. The scientific results of the Oman flora and fauna survey 1975. Lepidoptera: Part I Families Cossidae, Pyralidae, Geometridae, Sphingidae, Arctiidae, Lymantriidae and Noctuidae. Part II A list of further Lepidoptera-Heterocera from Oman. Part III Pyral... - Journal of Oman Studies Special Rep. 1:155–178. 160 (as whitei)
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Saint-Helena Wollaston T. V. 1879. Notes on the Lepidoptera of St. Helena, with descriptions of new species. - Annals and Magazine of Natural History (5) 3(15):219–233; (17): 329–343; (18): 415–441. 233 (as tirrhaea)
Saudi Arabia   Wiltshire E. P. 1980a. Lepidoptera: Fam. Cossidae, Limacodidae, Sesiidae, Lasiocampidae, Sphingidae, Notodontidae, Geometridae, Lymantriidae, Nolidae, Arctiidae, Agaristidae, Noctuidae, Ctenuchidae. – In: Wittmer & Büttiker (eds.), Fauna of Saudi Arabia 2. - Fauna of Saudi Arabia 2:179–240. 227
Seychelles Assomption Fryer J. C. F. 1912. The Lepidoptera of Seychelles and Aldabra, exclusive of the Orneodidae and Pterophoridae and of the Tortricina and Tineina. - Transactions of the Linnean Society of London (2)15(Zool.)(1):1–28; pl. 1. 9
Somalia   Butler A. G. 1897d. On a small collection of Lepidoptera made by Mr. F. Gillet in Somali-land. - Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1897:923–925. 925
South Africa Western Cape Cramer P. 1777. De uitlandsche Kapellen voorkomende in de drie waereld-deelen Asia, Africa en America, by een verzameld en beschreeven door den heer Pieter Cramer (etc.). - — 2(9–16):1–152, pls 97–192. 116
South Africa Limpopo   TMSA
South Africa North-West   TMSA
South Africa Eastern Cape Möschler H. B. 1884. Beiträge zur Schmetterlings-fauna des Kaffernlandes. - Verhandlungen der zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft Wien 33(1883):267–310, pl. 16. 306 (as tirrhaea)
South Africa Mpumalanga   TMSA
South Africa Northern Cape   TMSA
South Africa Gauteng   TMSA
South Africa Free State   TMSA
Tanzania, United Republic of   Kirby W. F. 1896. On a collection of moths from East Africa formed by Dr. W. J. Ansorge, Medical Officer to the Uganda Administration. - Annals and Magazine of Natural History (6) 18(107):375–396, pl. 19. 393
United Arab Emirates   Legrain A. & Wiltshire E. P. 1998. Provisional checklist of the Macro-Heterocera (Lepidoptera) of the UAE. - Tribulus 8(2):5–8. 7
Yemen Socotra Hampson G. F. 1902a. The moths of South Africa (Part II). - Annals of the South African Museum 2(10):255–446. 342
Yemen   Hacker H. H., Aulombard F., Bischof A., Bittermann J., Fibiger M. & Schreier H.-P. 2001. Lepidoptera of Yemen Arab Republic, collected during three expeditions in 1996, 1998 and 2000. - Esperiana 8:597–632. 613
Zambia   Hampson G. F. 1910c. Zoological collections from Northern Rhodesia and adjacent territories: Lepidoptera Phalaenae. - Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1910(2):388–510, pls 36–41. 420
Zimbabwe   Hampson G. F. 1902a. The moths of South Africa (Part II). - Annals of the South African Museum 2(10):255–446. 342

Notes:  Australasian: Australia, Vulcan Islands, New Caledonia; Oriental: India, Sulawesi, Moluccas, Philippines; Palaearctic: Algeria, China, Cyprus, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Japan, Libya, Macaronesia, Morocco, South Europe, Syria, Tunisia.

Host Plants

FAMILY SPECIES COUNTRY PUBLICATIONPAGE
Undefined Undefined Polyphagous   Schultze A. 1914. Zur Kenntnis der ersten Stände von einigen west- und zentralafrikanischen Heteroceren. - Archiv für Naturgeschichte (A) 80(1):144–163, pls 1–3; (2): 119–135. 131
Euphorbiaceae Alchornea cordifolia Ghana Wagner M. R., Cobbinah J. R. & Bosu P. P. 2008. Forest entomology in West Tropical Africa; Forest insects of Ghana. Second Edition. - — :i–lxx, 1–244. 37
Combretaceae Combretum paniculatum Ghana Wagner M. R., Cobbinah J. R. & Bosu P. P. 2008. Forest entomology in West Tropical Africa; Forest insects of Ghana. Second Edition. - — :i–lxx, 1–244. 37
Euphorbiaceae Phyllanthus discoideus Ghana Wagner M. R., Cobbinah J. R. & Bosu P. P. 2008. Forest entomology in West Tropical Africa; Forest insects of Ghana. Second Edition. - — :i–lxx, 1–244. 37
Anacardiaceae Sclerocarya birrea Mauritius Bippus M. 2018. New Erebidae from the Mascarene islands and about some Madagascar Lepidoptera (Lepidoptera: Erebidae). - Phelsuma 26:10–43. 23
*   Rhus coriaria, Pistacia lentiscus, Cotinus coggyria, Cistus, Myrtus, Pelargonium (see Hacker, Schreier & Aistleitner 2010: 19).