Earias biplaga Walker, 1866

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FAMILY Nolidae
SUBFAMILY Chloephorinae
GENUS Earias
SPECIES biplaga
AUTHORWalker, 1866
ORIGINAL COMBINATIONEarias biplaga
TYPE LOCALITYSierra Leone, leg. D. F. Morgan.
GEOGRAPHICAL COORDINATES /
TYPE SPECIMEN(S) Holotype ♂, BMNH.
STATUS Species
PUBLICATION Walker F. 1866b. List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum. Part XXXV.– Supplement Part 5. - — 35:i–iv, 1535–2040.
PAGINATION 1773 Bhl

Species pictures

Synonyms

NAME AUTHOR STATUS
citrina Saalmüller, 1884 Synonym of species
crocea Mabille, 1900 Synonym of species
fuscociliana Snellen, 1872 Synonym of species
maculana Snellen, 1872 Synonym of species
plaga Felder R. & Rogenhofer, 1875 Synonym of species

Species Distribution

COUNTRY PROVINCE/STATE PUBLICATION PAGE
Burundi   Berger L. A. 1953. Les Earias Hb. du Congo belge (Lepidoptera-Phalaenidae (Noctuidae Auct.)). - Revue de Zoologie et Botanique Africaines 48(3–4):204–208. 205
Cape Verde Santo Antão Nyström V. 1958. Macrolepidoptera from the Cape Verde Islands. - Commentationes Biologicae, Societatis Scientiarum Fennica 17(7):1–36. 25
Cape Verde Santiago Báez M. & García A. 2005. Lepidoptera. – In: Arechavaleta M., Zurita N., Marrero M. C. & Martín J. L. (eds). Lista preliminar de especies silvestres de Cabo Verde (hongos, plantas y animales terrestres). - — :1–155; chapter pagination 87–90. 88
Cape Verde São Nicolao Nyström V. 1958. Macrolepidoptera from the Cape Verde Islands. - Commentationes Biologicae, Societatis Scientiarum Fennica 17(7):1–36. 25
Cape Verde Fogo Báez M. & García A. 2005. Lepidoptera. – In: Arechavaleta M., Zurita N., Marrero M. C. & Martín J. L. (eds). Lista preliminar de especies silvestres de Cabo Verde (hongos, plantas y animales terrestres). - — :1–155; chapter pagination 87–90. 88
Cape Verde Brava Báez M. & García A. 2005. Lepidoptera. – In: Arechavaleta M., Zurita N., Marrero M. C. & Martín J. L. (eds). Lista preliminar de especies silvestres de Cabo Verde (hongos, plantas y animales terrestres). - — :1–155; chapter pagination 87–90. 88
Cape Verde São Vicente Nyström V. 1958. Macrolepidoptera from the Cape Verde Islands. - Commentationes Biologicae, Societatis Scientiarum Fennica 17(7):1–36. 25
Comoros Grande Comore (Ngazidja) Berio E. 1956d. Eteroceri raccolti dal Dr. Carlo Prola durante la spedizione alle isole dell'Africa orientale con descrizione di specie nuove (Lepidoptera). - Bollettino della Società entomologica italiana 86(5–6):82–87. 85
Comoros   Mabille P. 1900. Lepidoptera nova malgassica et africana. - Annales de la Société entomologique de France 68 (1899)(4):723–753. 727 (as crocea)
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the   Snellen P. C. T. 1872. Bijdrage tot de vlinder-fauna van Neder-Guinea, zuidwestelijk gedeelte van Afrika. - Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 15:1–110, pls. 1–8. 56 (as fuscociliana)
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Maniema Berger L. A. 1953. Les Earias Hb. du Congo belge (Lepidoptera-Phalaenidae (Noctuidae Auct.)). - Revue de Zoologie et Botanique Africaines 48(3–4):204–208. 205
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Katanga Berger L. A. 1953. Les Earias Hb. du Congo belge (Lepidoptera-Phalaenidae (Noctuidae Auct.)). - Revue de Zoologie et Botanique Africaines 48(3–4):204–208. 205
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the North Kivu Berger L. A. 1953. Les Earias Hb. du Congo belge (Lepidoptera-Phalaenidae (Noctuidae Auct.)). - Revue de Zoologie et Botanique Africaines 48(3–4):204–208. 205
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the East Kasai Berger L. A. 1953. Les Earias Hb. du Congo belge (Lepidoptera-Phalaenidae (Noctuidae Auct.)). - Revue de Zoologie et Botanique Africaines 48(3–4):204–208. 205
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the West Kasai Berger L. A. 1953. Les Earias Hb. du Congo belge (Lepidoptera-Phalaenidae (Noctuidae Auct.)). - Revue de Zoologie et Botanique Africaines 48(3–4):204–208. 205
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Bas Congo Berger L. A. 1953. Les Earias Hb. du Congo belge (Lepidoptera-Phalaenidae (Noctuidae Auct.)). - Revue de Zoologie et Botanique Africaines 48(3–4):204–208. 205
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Orientale Berger L. A. 1953. Les Earias Hb. du Congo belge (Lepidoptera-Phalaenidae (Noctuidae Auct.)). - Revue de Zoologie et Botanique Africaines 48(3–4):204–208. 205
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Equateur Berger L. A. 1953. Les Earias Hb. du Congo belge (Lepidoptera-Phalaenidae (Noctuidae Auct.)). - Revue de Zoologie et Botanique Africaines 48(3–4):204–208. 205
Eritrea   Berio E. 1941b. Contributo alla studio dei lepidotteri eteroceri dell'Eritrea VII. Euchromiidae, Arctiidae, Agaristidae, Lymantriidae, Lasiocampidae, Noctuidae raccolte dal sig. G. Vaccaro nel 1938. - Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova 61:176–190. 188
Ethiopia   Laporte B. 1977c. Noctuidae (sauf les Plusiinae). – In: Rougeot P. C., Missions entomologiques en Ethiopie 1973–1975. Fascicule 1. - Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle (A)105:51–67. 55
Gambia     New record (R. Goff)
Ghana   Wagner M. R., Cobbinah J. R. & Bosu P. P. 2008. Forest entomology in West Tropical Africa; Forest insects of Ghana. Second Edition. - — :i–lxx, 1–244. 38
Guinea   Dugast R. 1949. Les Earias du cotonnier au Soudan français. - Coton et Fibres Tropicales 4(3):67–75, pl. 1; 4(4): 133–142. 71
Kenya   Hampson G. F. 1912a. Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Phalaenae in the British Museum. Volume XI. - — 11:i–xvii, 1–689, pls 174–191. 499
Madagascar Nosy Bé Saalmüller M. 1884. Lepidopteren von Madagascar. Erste Abtheilung. Rhopalocera, Heterocera: Sphinges et Bombyces. - — :1–246, pls 1–6. 179 (as citrina)
Madagascar   Hampson G. F. 1912a. Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Phalaenae in the British Museum. Volume XI. - — 11:i–xvii, 1–689, pls 174–191. 499
Malawi   Dugast R. 1949. Les Earias du cotonnier au Soudan français. - Coton et Fibres Tropicales 4(3):67–75, pl. 1; 4(4): 133–142. 71
Mali   Dugast R. 1949. Les Earias du cotonnier au Soudan français. - Coton et Fibres Tropicales 4(3):67–75, pl. 1; 4(4): 133–142. 71
Mauritania   Hacker H. H., Schreier H.-P. & Aistleitner E. 2010. Noctuidae of Cape Verde Islands (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae). - Esperiana Memoir 5:7–96. 12
Mauritius   Dugast R. 1949. Les Earias du cotonnier au Soudan français. - Coton et Fibres Tropicales 4(3):67–75, pl. 1; 4(4): 133–142. 71
Mozambique   Hampson G. F. 1912a. Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Phalaenae in the British Museum. Volume XI. - — 11:i–xvii, 1–689, pls 174–191. 499
Namibia   Kopij G. 2014. Lepidoptera fauna of Namibia. I. Seasonal distribution of moths of the Koakoland (Mopane) Savanna in Ogongo, northern Namibia. - Fragmenta Faunistica 57(2):117–129. 125
Nigeria   Lamborn W. A. 1914b. The agricultural pests of the Southern Provinces, Nigeria. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 5:197–214, pls 17–25. 200
Rwanda   Berger L. A. 1953. Les Earias Hb. du Congo belge (Lepidoptera-Phalaenidae (Noctuidae Auct.)). - Revue de Zoologie et Botanique Africaines 48(3–4):204–208. 205
Réunion   Viette P. 1957d. Lépidoptères (excepté les Tordeuses et les Géométrides). – In: La Faune entomologique de l'Ile de la Réunion. I. - Mémoires de l'Institut scientifique de Madagascar (E) 8:137–226, pls 1–4. 198
Saudi Arabia   Wiltshire E. P. 1982a. Insects of Saudi Arabia. Lepidoptera: Fam. Cossidae, Zygaenidae, Sesiidae, Lasiocampidae, Bombycidae, Sphingidae, Thaumetopoeidae, Thyretidae, Notodontidae, Geometridae, Lymantriidae, Noctuidae, Ctenuchidae (Part 2). - Fauna of Saudi Arabia 4:271–331. 319
Senegal   Dugast R. 1949. Les Earias du cotonnier au Soudan français. - Coton et Fibres Tropicales 4(3):67–75, pl. 1; 4(4): 133–142. 71
Seychelles Mahé Legrand H. 1966. Lépidoptères des îles Seychelles et d'Aldabra. - Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle (A)37 (1965):1–210, pls. 1–16. 144
Seychelles La Digue De Prins W. & Mazzei P. 2016. Some faunistic notes on selected moth species (Lepidoptera) from the Seychelles. - Phelsuma 24:21–34. 30
Seychelles Praslin Bolotov I. N., Spitsyn V. M., Kolosova Y. S. & Vlasova A. 2015. New and recent records of moth and butterfly species (Insecta: Lepidoptera) from Praslin and Mahé Islands, Seychelles. - — 11(5):1–11. 4
Sierra Leone   Walker F. 1866b. List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum. Part XXXV.– Supplement Part 5. - — 35:i–iv, 1535–2040. 1773
Somalia   Dugast R. 1949. Les Earias du cotonnier au Soudan français. - Coton et Fibres Tropicales 4(3):67–75, pl. 1; 4(4): 133–142. 71
South Africa   Hampson G. F. 1912a. Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Phalaenae in the British Museum. Volume XI. - — 11:i–xvii, 1–689, pls 174–191. 499
Tanzania, United Republic of   Dugast R. 1949. Les Earias du cotonnier au Soudan français. - Coton et Fibres Tropicales 4(3):67–75, pl. 1; 4(4): 133–142. 71
Tanzania, United Republic of Zanzibar Berio E. 1956d. Eteroceri raccolti dal Dr. Carlo Prola durante la spedizione alle isole dell'Africa orientale con descrizione di specie nuove (Lepidoptera). - Bollettino della Società entomologica italiana 86(5–6):82–87. 85
Togo   Dugast R. 1949. Les Earias du cotonnier au Soudan français. - Coton et Fibres Tropicales 4(3):67–75, pl. 1; 4(4): 133–142. 71
Uganda   Dugast R. 1949. Les Earias du cotonnier au Soudan français. - Coton et Fibres Tropicales 4(3):67–75, pl. 1; 4(4): 133–142. 71
Yemen Socotra Hampson G. F. 1912a. Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Phalaenae in the British Museum. Volume XI. - — 11:i–xvii, 1–689, pls 174–191. 499
Yemen   Hacker H. H., Schreier H.-P. & Bischof A. 1999. Lepidoptera of Yemen Arab Republic, collected by A. Bischof, H. Hacker and H.-P. Schreier in autumn 1996 and B. Müller in summer 1987. - Esperiana 7:267–282, pls. 7–9. 278
Zimbabwe     New record (R. Butler)

Notes:  Australasian: Samoa, Tonga; Palaearctic: Israel.

Host Plants

FAMILY SPECIES COUNTRY PUBLICATIONPAGE
Fabaceae Acacia xanthophloea Kenya Agassiz D. J. L. & Harper D. M. 2009. The Macrolepidoptera fauna of Acacia in the Kenyan Rift Valley (Part 1). - Tropical Lepidoptera Research 19(1):4–8. 7
Malvaceae Ruizia cordata Réunion Martiré D. & Rochat J. 2008. Les papillons de La Réunion et leurs chenilles. - — :1–496. 427
Malvaceae Gossypium sp. Madagascar Viette P. 1969a. Contribution à l'étude des Earias de Madagascar. Lep. Noctuidae Westermanniinae. - Bulletin de Madagascar 273:1–8, pl. 1. 2
Sterculiaceae Theobroma cacao Madagascar Viette P. 1969a. Contribution à l'étude des Earias de Madagascar. Lep. Noctuidae Westermanniinae. - Bulletin de Madagascar 273:1–8, pl. 1. 2
Sterculiaceae Theobroma cacao Ghana Wagner M. R., Cobbinah J. R. & Bosu P. P. 2008. Forest entomology in West Tropical Africa; Forest insects of Ghana. Second Edition. - — :i–lxx, 1–244. 38
Malvaceae Sterculia tragacantha Ghana Wagner M. R., Cobbinah J. R. & Bosu P. P. 2008. Forest entomology in West Tropical Africa; Forest insects of Ghana. Second Edition. - — :i–lxx, 1–244. 38
Malvaceae Triplochiton scleroxylon Ghana Wagner M. R., Cobbinah J. R. & Bosu P. P. 2008. Forest entomology in West Tropical Africa; Forest insects of Ghana. Second Edition. - — :i–lxx, 1–244. 97
Malvaceae Hibiscus sp. Congo, DR Ghesquière J. 1940a. Lépidoptères Microlépidoptères (première partie). - Annales du Musée du Congo belge, Zoologie [3, Arthropodes] section 2, Catalogues raisonnés Sér. III (II) 7(1):1–120, pls. i–v. 45
Malvaceae Cola sp.   Pujol R. 1962. Lépidoptères défoliateurs des colatiers. - Café, Cacao, Thé 6(4):296–310. 309
Sterculiaceae Theobroma sp.   Pujol R. 1962. Lépidoptères défoliateurs des colatiers. - Café, Cacao, Thé 6(4):296–310. 309
Malvaceae Gossypium sp. Mali Dugast R. 1949. Les Earias du cotonnier au Soudan français. - Coton et Fibres Tropicales 4(3):67–75, pl. 1; 4(4): 133–142. 73
Malvaceae Hibiscus esculentus Mali Dugast R. 1949. Les Earias du cotonnier au Soudan français. - Coton et Fibres Tropicales 4(3):67–75, pl. 1; 4(4): 133–142. 73
Malvaceae Hibiscus cannabinus Mali Dugast R. 1949. Les Earias du cotonnier au Soudan français. - Coton et Fibres Tropicales 4(3):67–75, pl. 1; 4(4): 133–142. 73
Malvaceae Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Mali Dugast R. 1949. Les Earias du cotonnier au Soudan français. - Coton et Fibres Tropicales 4(3):67–75, pl. 1; 4(4): 133–142. 73
Malvaceae Hibiscus panduriformis Mali Dugast R. 1949. Les Earias du cotonnier au Soudan français. - Coton et Fibres Tropicales 4(3):67–75, pl. 1; 4(4): 133–142. 73
Malvaceae Sida cordifolia Mali Dugast R. 1949. Les Earias du cotonnier au Soudan français. - Coton et Fibres Tropicales 4(3):67–75, pl. 1; 4(4): 133–142. 73
Malvaceae Thespesia danis Mali Dugast R. 1949. Les Earias du cotonnier au Soudan français. - Coton et Fibres Tropicales 4(3):67–75, pl. 1; 4(4): 133–142. 73
Malvaceae Hibiscus dongolensis Mali Dugast R. 1949. Les Earias du cotonnier au Soudan français. - Coton et Fibres Tropicales 4(3):67–75, pl. 1; 4(4): 133–142. 73
Malvaceae Abutilon asiaticum Mali Dugast R. 1949. Les Earias du cotonnier au Soudan français. - Coton et Fibres Tropicales 4(3):67–75, pl. 1; 4(4): 133–142. 73
Malvaceae Abutilon mauritianum Mali Dugast R. 1949. Les Earias du cotonnier au Soudan français. - Coton et Fibres Tropicales 4(3):67–75, pl. 1; 4(4): 133–142. 73
Malvaceae Gossypium sp. South Africa Prinsloo G. L. & Uys V. M. (Eds.) 2015. Insects of cultivated plants and natural pastures in Southern Africa. - — :i–xiv, 1–785. 275
Malvaceae Hibiscus cannabinus South Africa Prinsloo G. L. & Uys V. M. (Eds.) 2015. Insects of cultivated plants and natural pastures in Southern Africa. - — :i–xiv, 1–785. 294
Malvaceae Hibiscus esculentus Uganda Nyiira Z. M. 1973. Pest status of thrips and lepidopterous species on vegetables in Uganda. - East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal 39(2):131–135. 132
Malvaceae Gossypium sp. Nigeria Lamborn W. A. 1914b. The agricultural pests of the Southern Provinces, Nigeria. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 5:197–214, pls 17–25. 200
Malvaceae Sida acuta Nigeria Lamborn W. A. 1914b. The agricultural pests of the Southern Provinces, Nigeria. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 5:197–214, pls 17–25. 200
Sterculiaceae Theobroma cacao Nigeria Lamborn W. A. 1914b. The agricultural pests of the Southern Provinces, Nigeria. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 5:197–214, pls 17–25. 204 (as citrina)

Species Parasitoids

FAMILYSPECIESCOUNTRYPUBLICATION
Chalcididae Brachymeria olethria Nigeria Lamborn W. A. 1914b. The agricultural pests of the Southern Provinces, Nigeria. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 5:197–214, pls 17–25.
Eumenidae Rhynchium synagroides Nigeria Lamborn W. A. 1914b. The agricultural pests of the Southern Provinces, Nigeria. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 5:197–214, pls 17–25.
Eumenidae Rhynchium ventrale Nigeria Lamborn W. A. 1914b. The agricultural pests of the Southern Provinces, Nigeria. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 5:197–214, pls 17–25.