Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner, 1808)

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FAMILY Noctuidae
SUBFAMILY Heliothinae
GENUS Helicoverpa
SPECIES armigera
AUTHOR(Hübner, 1808)
ORIGINAL COMBINATIONNoctua armigera
TYPE LOCALITY[Europe].
GEOGRAPHICAL COORDINATES /
TYPE SPECIMEN(S) Destroyed.
STATUS Species
COMMENTTransferred to Helicoverpa by Hardwick (1965: 91).
PUBLICATION Hübner J. 1796–1838. Sammlung europäischer Schmetterlinge. - — :i–iv, 1–194.
PAGINATION Noct. 2; pl. 79, fig. 370

Species pictures

Synonyms

NAME AUTHOR STATUS
commoni Hardwick, 1965 Synonym of species
conferta (Walker, 1857) Synonym of species
obsoleta sensu auct. nec (Fabricius, 1793) Synonym of species
pulverosa (Walker, 1857) Synonym of species
rama (Bhattacherjee & Gupta, 1972) Synonym of species
uniformis (Wallengren, 1860) Synonym of species
zea sensu auct. nec (Boddie, 1850) Synonym of species

Species Distribution

COUNTRY PROVINCE/STATE PUBLICATION PAGE
Angola   Hardwick D. F. 1965. The corn earworm complex. - Memoirs of the entomological Society of Canada 40:1–247. 98
Benin   Hardwick D. F. 1965. The corn earworm complex. - Memoirs of the entomological Society of Canada 40:1–247. 98
Botswana   Grünberg K. 1910c. In: Schultze L.: Zoologische und anthropologische Ergebnisse einer Forschungsreise in westlichen und zentralen Südafrika. Vierter Band. Systematik und Tiergeographie. - Denkschriften der medizinisch naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Jena 16(4):1–370, pls 1–12 [Chapter pagination: 91–146]. 95
Cameroon   Hardwick D. F. 1965. The corn earworm complex. - Memoirs of the entomological Society of Canada 40:1–247. 99
Cape Verde Santo Antão Traub B. & Bauer E. 1982. Zur Macro-Lepidopteren-Fauna der Kapverdische Inseln. – In: Lobin W., Ergebnisse des 1. Symposiums "Fauna und Flora der Kapverdischen Inseln". - Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 52:225–229. 227
Cape Verde Sal Traub B. & Bauer E. 1982. Zur Macro-Lepidopteren-Fauna der Kapverdische Inseln. – In: Lobin W., Ergebnisse des 1. Symposiums "Fauna und Flora der Kapverdischen Inseln". - Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 52:225–229. 227
Cape Verde Maio Báez M. & García A. 2005. Lepidoptera. – In: Arechavaleta M., Zurita N., Marrero M. C. & Martín J. L. (eds). Lista preliminar de especies silvestres de Cabo Verde (hongos, plantas y animales terrestres). - — :1–155; chapter pagination 87–90. 88
Cape Verde São Nicolao Nyström V. 1958. Macrolepidoptera from the Cape Verde Islands. - Commentationes Biologicae, Societatis Scientiarum Fennica 17(7):1–36. 22 (as obsoleta)
Cape Verde Brava Aurivillius C. 1910a. Tres Lepidopteros novos da Africa Portuguesa. - Broteria 9(3):159–162, pl. vii. 497
Cape Verde Santiago Traub B. & Bauer E. 1982. Zur Macro-Lepidopteren-Fauna der Kapverdische Inseln. – In: Lobin W., Ergebnisse des 1. Symposiums "Fauna und Flora der Kapverdischen Inseln". - Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 52:225–229. 227
Cape Verde Fogo Traub B. & Bauer E. 1982. Zur Macro-Lepidopteren-Fauna der Kapverdische Inseln. – In: Lobin W., Ergebnisse des 1. Symposiums "Fauna und Flora der Kapverdischen Inseln". - Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 52:225–229. 227
Cape Verde Boavista Báez M. & García A. 2005. Lepidoptera. – In: Arechavaleta M., Zurita N., Marrero M. C. & Martín J. L. (eds). Lista preliminar de especies silvestres de Cabo Verde (hongos, plantas y animales terrestres). - — :1–155; chapter pagination 87–90. 88
Chad Tibesti Herbulot C. & Viette P. 1952. Mission de l'Office National Antiacridien au Tibesti-Tchad (1949). Lépidoptères Hétérocères. - Annales de la Société entomologique de France 121:77–92. 88 (as obsoleta)
Comoros Grande Comore (Ngazidja) Berio E. 1956d. Eteroceri raccolti dal Dr. Carlo Prola durante la spedizione alle isole dell'Africa orientale con descrizione di specie nuove (Lepidoptera). - Bollettino della Società entomologica italiana 86(5–6):82–87. 82 (as obsoleta)
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the North Kivu Hardwick D. F. 1965. The corn earworm complex. - Memoirs of the entomological Society of Canada 40:1–247. 98
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Orientale Hardwick D. F. 1965. The corn earworm complex. - Memoirs of the entomological Society of Canada 40:1–247. 98
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the   Hampson G. F. 1903a. Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Phalaenae in the collection of the British Museum. IV. Noctuidae. - — 4:i–xx, 1–689. 46
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Bas Congo Hardwick D. F. 1965. The corn earworm complex. - Memoirs of the entomological Society of Canada 40:1–247. 98
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Katanga Hampson G. F. 1910c. Zoological collections from Northern Rhodesia and adjacent territories: Lepidoptera Phalaenae. - Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1910(2):388–510, pls 36–41. 401 (as obsoleta)
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Kinshasa   RMCA
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the South Kivu Rebel H. 1914a. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Expedition R. Grauer nach Zentralafrika, Dezember 1909 bis Februar 1911. Lepidopteren. - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 28(3–4):219–294, pls 17–24. 281 (as obsoleta)
Côte d'Ivoire   Hardwick D. F. 1965. The corn earworm complex. - Memoirs of the entomological Society of Canada 40:1–247. 98
Egypt Sinai Rebel H. 1909. In: Kneucker A., Zoologische Ergebnisse zweier in den Jahren 1902 und 1904 durch die Sinaihalbinsel unternommener botanischer Studienreise nebst zoologischen Beobachtungen aus Ägypten, Palästina und Syrien (Lepidoptera). - Verhandlungen des naturwissenschftlichen Vereins Karlsruhe 21:129–137.  
Eritrea   Berio E. 1939a. Contributi alla conoscenza dei lepidotteri eteroceri dell'Eritrea I. Lista delle specie con descrizioni delle nuove entità raccolte negli anni 1934 al 1937 dal sig. Francesco Vaccaro. - Memorie della Società Entomologica Italiana 17:47–62, pls 1–2. 50 (as zea)
Ethiopia   Oberthür C. 1880. Spedizione italiana nell'Africa equatoriale. Risultati zoologice. I Lepidotteri. - Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova 15:129–186, pl. 1. 180
Gambia     New record (R. Goff)
Ghana   Hardwick D. F. 1965. The corn earworm complex. - Memoirs of the entomological Society of Canada 40:1–247. 99
Kenya   Butler A. G. 1894b. On a collection of Lepidoptera from British East Africa, made by Dr. J. W. Gregory between the months of March and August, 1893. - Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1894:557–593, pls 36–37. 587
Lesotho   Hardwick D. F. 1965. The corn earworm complex. - Memoirs of the entomological Society of Canada 40:1–247. 98
Madagascar   Boisduval J. B. A. 1833a. Faune entomologique de Madagascar, Bourbon et Maurice. Lépidoptères. Avec des notes sur les moeurs, par M. Sganzin. - — :1–122, pls 1–16. 98
Malawi   Hardwick D. F. 1965. The corn earworm complex. - Memoirs of the entomological Society of Canada 40:1–247. 98
Mauritania   Hacker H. H., Schreier H.-P. & Aistleitner E. 2010. Noctuidae of Cape Verde Islands (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae). - Esperiana Memoir 5:7–96. 63
Mauritius Rodrigues Fletcher T. B. 1910a. Lepidoptera exclusive of the Tortricidae and Tineidae, with some remarks on their distribution and means of dispersal among the islands of the Indian Ocean. (The Percy Sladen Trust Expedition to the Indian Ocean in 1905). - Transactions of the Linnean Society of London (2) Zool. 13(1):265–324; pl. 17. 270
Mauritius   Boisduval J. B. A. 1833a. Faune entomologique de Madagascar, Bourbon et Maurice. Lépidoptères. Avec des notes sur les moeurs, par M. Sganzin. - — :1–122, pls 1–16. 98
Mozambique   Hampson G. F. 1910c. Zoological collections from Northern Rhodesia and adjacent territories: Lepidoptera Phalaenae. - Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1910(2):388–510, pls 36–41. 401 (as obsoleta)
Namibia   Hacker H. H. 2004b. Nolidae and Noctuidae (excluding Catocalinae: Audeini and Tachosini) (Lepidoptera). – In: Mey, Z. (Ed.) The Lepidoptera of the Brandberg Massif in Namibia. - Esperiana Memoir 1:261–304. 287
Niger   Rothschild W. 1921a. Captain Angus Buchanan's air expedition. V. On the Lepidoptera collected by Captain A. Buchanan in northern Nigeria and the southern Sahara in 1919–1920. - Novitates Zoologicae 28(1):142–170. 159 (as zea)
Nigeria   Hardwick D. F. 1965. The corn earworm complex. - Memoirs of the entomological Society of Canada 40:1–247. 99
Oman   Wiltshire E. P. 1977b. The scientific results of the Oman flora and fauna survey 1975. Lepidoptera: Part I Families Cossidae, Pyralidae, Geometridae, Sphingidae, Arctiidae, Lymantriidae and Noctuidae. Part II A list of further Lepidoptera-Heterocera from Oman. Part III Pyral... - Journal of Oman Studies Special Rep. 1:155–178. 170
Rwanda   Hardwick D. F. 1965. The corn earworm complex. - Memoirs of the entomological Society of Canada 40:1–247. 98
Réunion   Boisduval J. B. A. 1833a. Faune entomologique de Madagascar, Bourbon et Maurice. Lépidoptères. Avec des notes sur les moeurs, par M. Sganzin. - — :1–122, pls 1–16. 98
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Saint-Helena Fletcher T. B. 1910a. Lepidoptera exclusive of the Tortricidae and Tineidae, with some remarks on their distribution and means of dispersal among the islands of the Indian Ocean. (The Percy Sladen Trust Expedition to the Indian Ocean in 1905). - Transactions of the Linnean Society of London (2) Zool. 13(1):265–324; pl. 17. 270
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Ascension Robinson G. S. & Kirke C. M. S. 1990. Lepidoptera of Ascension Island – a review. - Journal of Natural History 24(1):119–135. 126
Saudi Arabia   Wiltshire E. P. 1980a. Lepidoptera: Fam. Cossidae, Limacodidae, Sesiidae, Lasiocampidae, Sphingidae, Notodontidae, Geometridae, Lymantriidae, Nolidae, Arctiidae, Agaristidae, Noctuidae, Ctenuchidae. – In: Wittmer & Büttiker (eds.), Fauna of Saudi Arabia 2. - Fauna of Saudi Arabia 2:179–240. 217
Senegal   Hardwick D. F. 1965. The corn earworm complex. - Memoirs of the entomological Society of Canada 40:1–247. 98
Seychelles Mahé Legrand H. 1966. Lépidoptères des îles Seychelles et d'Aldabra. - Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle (A)37 (1965):1–210, pls 1–16. 136
Seychelles Menai Legrand H. 1966. Lépidoptères des îles Seychelles et d'Aldabra. - Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle (A)37 (1965):1–210, pls 1–16. 136
Seychelles Cosmoledo Legrand H. 1966. Lépidoptères des îles Seychelles et d'Aldabra. - Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle (A)37 (1965):1–210, pls 1–16. 136
Seychelles Silhouette Gerlach J., Matyot P. & Saaristo M. 1997. Silhouette species list. - Phelsuma 5(Suppl. A):1–32. 23
Seychelles Coëtivy Fletcher T. B. 1910a. Lepidoptera exclusive of the Tortricidae and Tineidae, with some remarks on their distribution and means of dispersal among the islands of the Indian Ocean. (The Percy Sladen Trust Expedition to the Indian Ocean in 1905). - Transactions of the Linnean Society of London (2) Zool. 13(1):265–324; pl. 17. 270
Seychelles Providence Fletcher T. B. 1910a. Lepidoptera exclusive of the Tortricidae and Tineidae, with some remarks on their distribution and means of dispersal among the islands of the Indian Ocean. (The Percy Sladen Trust Expedition to the Indian Ocean in 1905). - Transactions of the Linnean Society of London (2) Zool. 13(1):265–324; pl. 17. 270
Seychelles Assomption Fryer J. C. F. 1912. The Lepidoptera of Seychelles and Aldabra, exclusive of the Orneodidae and Pterophoridae and of the Tortricina and Tineina. - Transactions of the Linnean Society of London (2)15(Zool.)(1):1–28; pl. 1. 6
Seychelles Aldabra Guillermet C. 2006a. Les Hétérocères ou papillons de nuit, de l'île de La Réunion. Volume 2. Noctuidae trifides, Sphingidae, Arctiidae, Geometridae, Uraniidae. - — :1–442, pls 1–10. 47
Somalia   Druce H. 1900. Lepidoptera Heterocera. – In: Peel, C. V. A., On a collection of insects and arachnids made in 1895 and 1897 by Mr. C. V. A. Peel, F. Z. S., in Somaliland with descriptions of new species. - Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1900(1):4–63, pls. 1–4. 18
South Africa Western Cape Hardwick D. F. 1965. The corn earworm complex. - Memoirs of the entomological Society of Canada 40:1–247. 98
South Africa Northern Cape   TMSA
South Africa Gauteng Hardwick D. F. 1965. The corn earworm complex. - Memoirs of the entomological Society of Canada 40:1–247. 98
South Africa Free State Hardwick D. F. 1965. The corn earworm complex. - Memoirs of the entomological Society of Canada 40:1–247. 98
South Africa North-West   TMSA
South Africa   Walker F. 1857b. List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum. Part XI.– Noctuidae. - — 11:i–iv, 493–764. 684
South Africa KwaZulu-Natal Hardwick D. F. 1965. The corn earworm complex. - Memoirs of the entomological Society of Canada 40:1–247. 98
South Africa Eastern Cape Möschler H. B. 1884. Beiträge zur Schmetterlings-fauna des Kaffernlandes. - Verhandlungen der kaiserlich-königlichen zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 33 (1883):267–310, pl. 16. 296
South Sudan   Hardwick D. F. 1965. The corn earworm complex. - Memoirs of the entomological Society of Canada 40:1–247. 99
Sudan   Aurivillius C. 1925a. Zoological results of the Swedish Expedition to Central Africa 1921. Insecta. 12. Lepidoptera. 1. - Arkiv för Zoologi 17A(32):1–20. 12 (as obsoleta)
Swaziland     TMSA
Tanzania, United Republic of   Pagenstecher A. 1893. Lepidopteren gesammelt in Ost-Afrika 1888/89 von Dr. Franz Stuhlmann. - Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten 10(2):207–262. 41
Uganda   Hampson G. F. 1909c. Ruwenzori Expedition Reports. 11. Lepidoptera Heterocera. - Transactions of the zoological Society of London 19(2):103–140, pl. 4. 105 (as zea)
United Arab Emirates   Legrain A. & Wiltshire E. P. 1998. Provisional checklist of the Macro-Heterocera (Lepidoptera) of the UAE. - Tribulus 8(2):5–8. 7
Yemen   Butler A. G. 1884b. On a collection of Lepidoptera made by Major J. W. Yerbury at or near Aden. - Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1884:478–503, pl. 46. 496
Yemen Socotra Rebel H. 1907a. Lepidopteren aus Südarabien und von der Insel Sokotra. - Denkschriften der österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien 71(2):31–130, pl. 1. 86
Zambia   Hampson G. F. 1910c. Zoological collections from Northern Rhodesia and adjacent territories: Lepidoptera Phalaenae. - Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1910(2):388–510, pls 36–41. 401 (as obsoleta)
Zimbabwe   Hardwick D. F. 1965. The corn earworm complex. - Memoirs of the entomological Society of Canada 40:1–247. 98

Notes:  Australasian: Australia, Fiji, Guam, Kiribati, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea; Nearctic: U.S.A.; Neotropical: Argentina, Barbados, Brazil, Guatemala, Jamaica, Mexico, Peru, Venezuela; Oriental: India, Indonesia (Borneo, Java, Sumatra), Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Vietnam; Palaearctic: Afghanistan, Algeria, China, Egypt, Europe (migrant), Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Mongolia, Morocco, Russia, Sikkim, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey.

Host Plants

FAMILY SPECIES COUNTRY PUBLICATIONPAGE
Undefined Undefined Polyphagous South Africa Taylor J. S. 1949b. Notes on Lepidoptera in the Eastern Cape Province (Part I). - Journal of the entomological Society of Southern Africa 12:78–95, 2 pls.. 80
Asteraceae Pentzia incana South Africa Taylor J. S. 1949b. Notes on Lepidoptera in the Eastern Cape Province (Part I). - Journal of the entomological Society of Southern Africa 12:78–95, 2 pls.. 80
Solanaceae Physalis peruviana   Hardwick D. F. 1965. The corn earworm complex. - Memoirs of the entomological Society of Canada 40:1–247. 54
Solanaceae Solanum lycopersicum Cape Verde Schmutterer H., Pires A. & Klein-Koch C. 1978. Zur Schädlingsfauna der Kapverdischen Inseln. - Zeitschrift für Angewandte Entomologie 86:320–336. 333
Solanaceae Nicotiana tabacum   Hardwick D. F. 1965. The corn earworm complex. - Memoirs of the entomological Society of Canada 40:1–247. 54
Fabaceae Cajanus indicus   Hardwick D. F. 1965. The corn earworm complex. - Memoirs of the entomological Society of Canada 40:1–247. 54
Fabaceae Dolichos lablab   Hardwick D. F. 1965. The corn earworm complex. - Memoirs of the entomological Society of Canada 40:1–247. 54
Fabaceae Cicer arietinum   Hardwick D. F. 1965. The corn earworm complex. - Memoirs of the entomological Society of Canada 40:1–247. 55
Fabaceae Lathyrus sativus   Hardwick D. F. 1965. The corn earworm complex. - Memoirs of the entomological Society of Canada 40:1–247. 54
Fabaceae Phaseolus mungo   Hardwick D. F. 1965. The corn earworm complex. - Memoirs of the entomological Society of Canada 40:1–247. 55
Fabaceae Phaseolus acutifolius   Hardwick D. F. 1965. The corn earworm complex. - Memoirs of the entomological Society of Canada 40:1–247. 55
Poaceae Zea mays South Africa Prinsloo G. L. & Uys V. M. (Eds.) 2015. Insects of cultivated plants and natural pastures in Southern Africa. - — :i–xiv, 1–785. 111
Asteraceae Helianthus annuus South Africa Prinsloo G. L. & Uys V. M. (Eds.) 2015. Insects of cultivated plants and natural pastures in Southern Africa. - — :i–xiv, 1–785. 199
Malvaceae Gossypium sp. South Africa Prinsloo G. L. & Uys V. M. (Eds.) 2015. Insects of cultivated plants and natural pastures in Southern Africa. - — :i–xiv, 1–785. 276
Fabaceae Aspalathus linearis South Africa Prinsloo G. L. & Uys V. M. (Eds.) 2015. Insects of cultivated plants and natural pastures in Southern Africa. - — :i–xiv, 1–785. 299
Rosaceae Prunus persica South Africa Prinsloo G. L. & Uys V. M. (Eds.) 2015. Insects of cultivated plants and natural pastures in Southern Africa. - — :i–xiv, 1–785. 321
Rosaceae Prunus domestica South Africa Prinsloo G. L. & Uys V. M. (Eds.) 2015. Insects of cultivated plants and natural pastures in Southern Africa. - — :i–xiv, 1–785. 341
Rosaceae Prunus armeniaca South Africa Prinsloo G. L. & Uys V. M. (Eds.) 2015. Insects of cultivated plants and natural pastures in Southern Africa. - — :i–xiv, 1–785. 345
Rosaceae Malus domestica South Africa Prinsloo G. L. & Uys V. M. (Eds.) 2015. Insects of cultivated plants and natural pastures in Southern Africa. - — :i–xiv, 1–785. 351
Rosaceae Pyrus sp. South Africa Prinsloo G. L. & Uys V. M. (Eds.) 2015. Insects of cultivated plants and natural pastures in Southern Africa. - — :i–xiv, 1–785. 367
Punicaceae Punica granatum South Africa Prinsloo G. L. & Uys V. M. (Eds.) 2015. Insects of cultivated plants and natural pastures in Southern Africa. - — :i–xiv, 1–785. 379
Vitaceae Vitis vinifera South Africa Prinsloo G. L. & Uys V. M. (Eds.) 2015. Insects of cultivated plants and natural pastures in Southern Africa. - — :i–xiv, 1–785. 421
Ericaceae Vaccinium sp. South Africa Prinsloo G. L. & Uys V. M. (Eds.) 2015. Insects of cultivated plants and natural pastures in Southern Africa. - — :i–xiv, 1–785. 440
Rutaceae Citrus sp. South Africa Prinsloo G. L. & Uys V. M. (Eds.) 2015. Insects of cultivated plants and natural pastures in Southern Africa. - — :i–xiv, 1–785. 450
Fabaceae Cajanus cajan Uganda Nyiira Z. M. 1973. Pest status of thrips and lepidopterous species on vegetables in Uganda. - East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal 39(2):131–135. 132
Fabaceae Cicer arietinum Uganda Nyiira Z. M. 1973. Pest status of thrips and lepidopterous species on vegetables in Uganda. - East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal 39(2):131–135. 132
Anacardiaceae Mangifera indica South Africa Prinsloo G. L. & Uys V. M. (Eds.) 2015. Insects of cultivated plants and natural pastures in Southern Africa. - — :i–xiv, 1–785. 575
Pedaliaceae Sesamum indicum Cameroon Schultze A. 1914. Zur Kenntnis der ersten Stände von einigen west- und zentralafrikanischen Heteroceren. - Archiv für Naturgeschichte (A) 80(1):144–163, pls 1–3; (2): 119–135. 130
Poaceae Zea mays Cape Verde Mück O., Passos de Carvalho J., van Harten A. & Traub B. 1990. Los [sic] lepidópteros nocivos em Cabo Verde. - Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 120:1–30. 21
Solanaceae Solanum lycopersicum Cape Verde Mück O., Passos de Carvalho J., van Harten A. & Traub B. 1990. Los [sic] lepidópteros nocivos em Cabo Verde. - Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 120:1–30. 21
Fabaceae Phaseolus sp. Cape Verde Mück O., Passos de Carvalho J., van Harten A. & Traub B. 1990. Los [sic] lepidópteros nocivos em Cabo Verde. - Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 120:1–30. 21
Asteraceae Blainvillea gayana Cape Verde Mück O. & Traub B. 1987. Ergänzungen zur Macrolepidopteren-Fauna. - Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 95:91–97. 96
Solanaceae Nicotiana glauca Cape Verde Mück O. & Traub B. 1987. Ergänzungen zur Macrolepidopteren-Fauna. - Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 95:91–97. 96
Boraginaceae Trichodesma africanum Cape Verde Mück O. & Traub B. 1987. Ergänzungen zur Macrolepidopteren-Fauna. - Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 95:91–97. 96
Convolvulaceae Ipomoea pes-caprae Cape Verde Mück O. & Traub B. 1987. Ergänzungen zur Macrolepidopteren-Fauna. - Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 95:91–97. 96
Fabaceae Indigofera tinctoria Cape Verde Mück O. & Traub B. 1987. Ergänzungen zur Macrolepidopteren-Fauna. - Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 95:91–97. 96
Malvaceae Abutilon pannosum Cape Verde Mück O. & Traub B. 1987. Ergänzungen zur Macrolepidopteren-Fauna. - Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 95:91–97. 96
Fabaceae Cajanus cajan Cape Verde Schmutterer H., Pires A. & Klein-Koch C. 1978. Zur Schädlingsfauna der Kapverdischen Inseln. - Zeitschrift für Angewandte Entomologie 86:320–336. 333

Species Parasitoids

FAMILYSPECIESCOUNTRYPUBLICATION
Braconidae Chelonus curvimaculatus South Africa Prinsloo G. L. & Uys V. M. (Eds.) 2015. Insects of cultivated plants and natural pastures in Southern Africa. - — :i–xiv, 1–785.
Diptera: Tachinidae Drino laxa South Africa Prinsloo G. L. & Uys V. M. (Eds.) 2015. Insects of cultivated plants and natural pastures in Southern Africa. - — :i–xiv, 1–785.
Diptera: Tachinidae Paradrino halli South Africa Prinsloo G. L. & Uys V. M. (Eds.) 2015. Insects of cultivated plants and natural pastures in Southern Africa. - — :i–xiv, 1–785.
Ichneumonidae Xanthopimpla stemmator   Rousse P. & Villemant C. 2012. Ichneumons in Reunion Island: a catalogue of the local Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) species, including 15 new taxa and a key to species. - Zootaxa 3278:1–57.
Scelionidae Telenomus ullyetti South Africa Prinsloo G. L. & Uys V. M. (Eds.) 2015. Insects of cultivated plants and natural pastures in Southern Africa. - — :i–xiv, 1–785.
Trichogrammatidae Trichogrammatoidea lutea South Africa Prinsloo G. L. & Uys V. M. (Eds.) 2015. Insects of cultivated plants and natural pastures in Southern Africa. - — :i–xiv, 1–785.