Spodoptera littoralis (Boisduval, 1833)

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FAMILY Noctuidae
SUBFAMILY Xyleninae
GENUS Spodoptera
SPECIES littoralis
AUTHOR(Boisduval, 1833)
ORIGINAL COMBINATIONH.[adena] Littoralis. Boisd.
TYPE LOCALITYUganda, Ankole, Kichwamba, 23–29.iv.1968, leg. P. J. Spangler.
GEOGRAPHICAL COORDINATES /
TYPE SPECIMEN(S) Neotype ♂, designated by M. G. Pogue (2002: 77), genitalia slide M. G. Pogue 46193♂, USNM; Syntypes, BMNH, MNHN, lost (see P. Viette 1963c: 147, M. G. Pogue 2002: 77, C. Guillermet 2006: 154).
STATUS Species
PUBLICATION Boisduval J. B. A. 1833a. Faune entomologique de Madagascar, Bourbon et Maurice. Lépidoptères. Avec des notes sur les moeurs, par M. Sganzin. - — :1–122, pls 1–16.
PAGINATION 91–92; pl. 13, fig. 8

Species pictures

Synonyms

NAME AUTHOR STATUS
retina (Freyer, 1845) Synonym of species
testaceoides (Guenée, 1852) Synonym of species

Species Distribution

COUNTRY PROVINCE/STATE PUBLICATION PAGE
Angola   Dewitz H. 1881. Afrikanische Nachtschmetterlinge. - Nova Acta Academiae Caesareae Leopoldino-Carolinae Germanicae Naturae Curiosorum 42(2):63–89, pls 2–3. 89
Botswana   Brown E. S. & Dewhurst C. F. 1975. The genus Spodoptera (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) in Africa and the Near East. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 65:221–262. 242
British Indian Ocean Territory Chagos Fletcher T. B. 1910a. Lepidoptera exclusive of the Tortricidae and Tineidae, with some remarks on their distribution and means of dispersal among the islands of the Indian Ocean. (The Percy Sladen Trust Expedition to the Indian Ocean in 1905). - Transactions of the Linnean Society of London (2) Zool. 13(1):265–324, pl. 17. 272
Burkina Faso   Brown E. S. & Dewhurst C. F. 1975. The genus Spodoptera (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) in Africa and the Near East. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 65:221–262. 242
Burundi   Brown E. S. & Dewhurst C. F. 1975. The genus Spodoptera (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) in Africa and the Near East. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 65:221–262. 242
Cameroon   Brown E. S. & Dewhurst C. F. 1975. The genus Spodoptera (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) in Africa and the Near East. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 65:221–262. 242
Cape Verde Santo Antão Mück O., Passos de Carvalho J., van Harten A. & Traub B. 1990. Los [sic] lepidópteros nocivos em Cabo Verde. - Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 120:1–30. 21
Cape Verde São Vicente Nyström V. 1958. Macrolepidoptera from the Cape Verde Islands. - Commentationes Biologicae, Societatis Scientiarum Fennica 17(7):1–36. 21 (as litura)
Cape Verde São Nicolao Aurivillius C. 1910b. Schmetterlinge gesammelt in Westafrika von Leonardo Fea in den Jahren 1897–1902. - Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Ser. 3) 4:494–530. 499 (as litura)
Cape Verde Santiago Schmutterer H., Pires A. & Klein-Koch C. 1978. Zur Schädlingsfauna der Kapverdischen Inseln. - Zeitschrift für Angewandte Entomologie 86:320–336. 333
Central African Republic   Brown E. S. & Dewhurst C. F. 1975. The genus Spodoptera (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) in Africa and the Near East. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 65:221–262. 242
Chad   Brown E. S. & Dewhurst C. F. 1975. The genus Spodoptera (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) in Africa and the Near East. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 65:221–262. 242
Comoros Mohéli (Mwali) Viette P. 1958h. Note sur de petites collections de Lépidoptères récoltés aux îles Comores et en Aldabra. - Lambillionea 58(7–8):60–65. 64 (as litura)
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Katanga Brown E. S. & Dewhurst C. F. 1975. The genus Spodoptera (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) in Africa and the Near East. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 65:221–262. 242
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Orientale Holland W. J. 1920. Lepidoptera of the Congo, being a systematic list of the butterflies and moths collected by the American Museum of Natural History Congo Expedition, together with descriptions of some hitherto undescribed species. - Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 43(6):109–369, pls 6–14. 273 (as litura)
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Bas Congo Aurivillius C. 1906. Verzeichnis von Lepidopteren, gesammelt bei Mukimbungu am unteren Kongo von Herrn E. Laman. Zweite und dritte Sendung. - Arkiv för Zoologi 3(1):1–16, pl. 1. 14
Côte d'Ivoire   Brown E. S. & Dewhurst C. F. 1975. The genus Spodoptera (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) in Africa and the Near East. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 65:221–262. 242
Djibouti   Laporte B. 1974c. Noctuidae du Territoire français des Afars et des Issas (Lep.). - Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 79(3–4):91–94. 93
Equatorial Guinea   Strand E. 1914i. Zoologische Ergebnisse der Expedition des Herrn G. Tessmann nach Süd-Kamerun und Spanisch-Guinea. Lepidoptera IX. Kurze Mitteilungen über Arten verschiedener Familien. - Archiv für Naturgeschichte 80 (A)(2):84–93. 86
Equatorial Guinea Bioko Brown E. S. & Dewhurst C. F. 1975. The genus Spodoptera (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) in Africa and the Near East. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 65:221–262. 242
Eritrea   Berio E. 1939a. Contributi alla conoscenza dei lepidotteri eteroceri dell'Eritrea I. Lista delle specie con descrizioni delle nuove entità raccolte negli anni 1934 al 1937 dal sig. Francesco Vaccaro. - Memorie della Società Entomologica Italiana 17:47–62, pls 1–2. 53 (as litura)
Eswatini   Brown E. S. & Dewhurst C. F. 1975. The genus Spodoptera (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) in Africa and the Near East. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 65:221–262. 242
Ethiopia   Brown E. S. & Dewhurst C. F. 1975. The genus Spodoptera (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) in Africa and the Near East. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 65:221–262. 242
Gabon   Laporte B. 1970a. Lépidoptères capturés par la mission biologique au Gabon. - Biologia Gabonica 6(3):179–196, (4): 371–385. 373
Gambia   Druce H. 1887a. Lepidoptera Heterocera. – In: Moloney, A. C., Sketch of the forestry of West Africa with particular reference to its present principal commercial products. - — :i–vi, 1–533 (chapter pagination: 492–507). 499 (as retina)
Ghana   Brown E. S. & Dewhurst C. F. 1975. The genus Spodoptera (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) in Africa and the Near East. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 65:221–262. 242
Guinea   Brown E. S. & Dewhurst C. F. 1975. The genus Spodoptera (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) in Africa and the Near East. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 65:221–262. 242
Kenya   Hampson G. F. 1909a. Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Phalaenae in the collection of the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) VIII. Subfam. Acronyctinae (continued). - — 8:i–xiv, 1–583. 247 (as litura)
Kuwait   Wiltshire E. P. 1952a. Lepidoptera recently taken in Arabia. - Bulletin of the Society Fouad I Entomology 36:135–174, pl. 1. 156 (as litura)
Liberia   Brown E. S. & Dewhurst C. F. 1975. The genus Spodoptera (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) in Africa and the Near East. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 65:221–262. 242
Madagascar Sainte Marie Viette P. 1963c. Le complexe de "Prodenia litura" (Fabricius) dans la Région malgache (Lep., Noctuidae). - Bulletin mensuel de la Société linnéenne de Lyon 32(5):145–148. 147
Madagascar   Boisduval J. B. A. 1833a. Faune entomologique de Madagascar, Bourbon et Maurice. Lépidoptères. Avec des notes sur les moeurs, par M. Sganzin. - — :1–122, pls 1–16. 92
Malawi   Brown E. S. & Dewhurst C. F. 1975. The genus Spodoptera (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) in Africa and the Near East. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 65:221–262. 242
Mali   Brown E. S. & Dewhurst C. F. 1975. The genus Spodoptera (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) in Africa and the Near East. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 65:221–262. 242
Mauritania   Brown E. S. & Dewhurst C. F. 1975. The genus Spodoptera (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) in Africa and the Near East. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 65:221–262. 242
Mauritius   Boisduval J. B. A. 1833a. Faune entomologique de Madagascar, Bourbon et Maurice. Lépidoptères. Avec des notes sur les moeurs, par M. Sganzin. - — :1–122, pls 1–16. 92
Mauritius Rodrigues Butler A. G. 1879e. Lepidoptera. – In: An account of the petrological, botanical and zoological collections made in Kerguelen's Land and Rodriguez during the Transit of Venus Expedition carried out by Order of Her Majesty's Government in the years 1874–75. - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 168:541–544. 541
Mozambique   Janse A. J. T. 1937–1939. The Moths of South Africa. Volume III. Cymatophoridae, Callidulidae and Noctuidae (Partim). - — 3:i–xv, 1–435, pls 1–46. 156 (as litura)
Namibia   Brown E. S. & Dewhurst C. F. 1975. The genus Spodoptera (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) in Africa and the Near East. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 65:221–262. 242
Niger   Brown E. S. & Dewhurst C. F. 1975. The genus Spodoptera (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) in Africa and the Near East. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 65:221–262. 242
Nigeria   Hampson G. F. 1909a. Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Phalaenae in the collection of the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) VIII. Subfam. Acronyctinae (continued). - — 8:i–xiv, 1–583. 246 (as litura)
Oman   Wiltshire E. P. 1977b. The scientific results of the Oman flora and fauna survey 1975. Lepidoptera: Part I Families Cossidae, Pyralidae, Geometridae, Sphingidae, Arctiidae, Lymantriidae and Noctuidae. Part II A list of further Lepidoptera-Heterocera from Oman. Part III Pyral... - Journal of Oman Studies Special Rep. 1:155–178. 160
Rwanda   Brown E. S. & Dewhurst C. F. 1975. The genus Spodoptera (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) in Africa and the Near East. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 65:221–262. 242
Réunion   Boisduval J. B. A. 1833a. Faune entomologique de Madagascar, Bourbon et Maurice. Lépidoptères. Avec des notes sur les moeurs, par M. Sganzin. - — :1–122, pls 1–16. 92
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Ascension McLachlan R. 1878. Destructive insects in the island of Ascension. - Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 15:79–80. 80 (as retina)
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Saint Helena Wollaston T. V. 1879. Notes on the Lepidoptera of St. Helena, with descriptions of new species. - Annals and Magazine of Natural History (5) 3(15):219–233; (17): 329–343; (18): 415–441. 227
Saudi Arabia   Wiltshire E. P. 1952a. Lepidoptera recently taken in Arabia. - Bulletin of the Society Fouad I Entomology 36:135–174, pl. 1. 156 (as litura)
Senegal   Viette P. 1963c. Le complexe de "Prodenia litura" (Fabricius) dans la Région malgache (Lep., Noctuidae). - Bulletin mensuel de la Société linnéenne de Lyon 32(5):145–148. 147
Seychelles Mahé Joannis J. de 1894. Mission scientifique de Ch. Alluaud des îles Seychelles. - Annales de la Société entomologique de France 63:425–438. 432
Seychelles Aldabra Viette P. 1963c. Le complexe de "Prodenia litura" (Fabricius) dans la Région malgache (Lep., Noctuidae). - Bulletin mensuel de la Société linnéenne de Lyon 32(5):145–148. 147
Sierra Leone   Brown E. S. & Dewhurst C. F. 1975. The genus Spodoptera (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) in Africa and the Near East. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 65:221–262. 242
Somalia   Berio E. 1938b. Spedizione zoologica del Marchese Saverio Patrizi nel Basso Giuba e nell'Oltregiuba Giugno-Agosto 1934. Lista dei lepidotteri eteroceri con note e diagnosi di eteroceri africani. - Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria 58:189–203. 192 (as litura)
South Africa KwaZulu-Natal Butler A. G. 1875b. On a collection of Lepidoptera from southern Africa, with descriptions of new genera and species. - Annals and Magazine of Natural History (4) 16(96):394–420. 402 (as retina)
South Africa Eastern Cape Hacker H. H. 2019b. Families Nolidae Bruand 1846, Erebidae Leach, 1815, Euteliidae Grote, 1882 and Noctuidae Latreille, (Noctuoidea). – In: Mey W. & Krüger M. (Eds), The Lepidoptera fauna of a crater valley in the Great Escarpment of South Africa: The Asante Sana Project. - Esperiana Memoir 8:429–537. 472
South Africa Limpopo Janse A. J. T. 1937–1939. The Moths of South Africa. Volume III. Cymatophoridae, Callidulidae and Noctuidae (Partim). - — 3:i–xv, 1–435, pls 1–46. 156 (as litura)
South Africa Gauteng Janse A. J. T. 1937–1939. The Moths of South Africa. Volume III. Cymatophoridae, Callidulidae and Noctuidae (Partim). - — 3:i–xv, 1–435, pls 1–46. 156 (as litura)
South Africa Northern Cape Janse A. J. T. 1937–1939. The Moths of South Africa. Volume III. Cymatophoridae, Callidulidae and Noctuidae (Partim). - — 3:i–xv, 1–435, pls 1–46. 156 (as litura)
Sudan   Hampson G. F. 1909a. Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Phalaenae in the collection of the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) VIII. Subfam. Acronyctinae (continued). - — 8:i–xiv, 1–583. 246 (as litura)
São Tomé & Principe Principe Aurivillius C. 1910b. Schmetterlinge gesammelt in Westafrika von Leonardo Fea in den Jahren 1897–1902. - Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Ser. 3) 4:494–530. 514 (as litura)
São Tomé & Principe São Tomé Prout A. E. 1925. Seven apparently new S. African Noctuidae. - The Entomologist 58:213–218. 206
Tanzania, United Republic of Zanzibar Pagenstecher A. 1893. Lepidopteren gesammelt in Ost-Afrika 1888/89 von Dr. Franz Stuhlmann. - Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten 10(2):207–262. 40
Tanzania, United Republic of   Strand E. 1912i. Über Lepidoptera aus Mkatta und Morogoro in Deutsch Ost-Afrika, nebst Beiträgen zur Kenntnis afrikanischer Taragama-Arten. - Archiv für Naturgeschichte 78 (A)(1):67–92. 83
Togo   Brown E. S. & Dewhurst C. F. 1975. The genus Spodoptera (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) in Africa and the Near East. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 65:221–262. 242
Uganda   Hampson G. F. 1909a. Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Phalaenae in the collection of the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) VIII. Subfam. Acronyctinae (continued). - — 8:i–xiv, 1–583. 247 (as litura)
United Arab Emirates   Legrain A. & Wiltshire E. P. 1998. Provisional checklist of the Macro-Heterocera (Lepidoptera) of the UAE. - Tribulus 8(2):5–8. 7
Yemen   Walsingham Thomas de Grey & Hampson G. F. 1896. On moths collected at Aden and in Somaliland. - Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1896(1):257–283, pl. 10. 260
Yemen Socotra Rebel H. 1907a. Lepidopteren aus Südarabien und von der Insel Sokotra. - Denkschriften der österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien 71(2):31–130, pl. 1. 86
Zambia   Strand E. 1909h. Schmetterlinge aus dem Sambesi-Gebiet, gesammelt und dem Berliner Museum geschenkt von Herrn Franz Seiner. - Archiv für Naturgeschichte 75(1):375–386. 380
Zimbabwe   Hampson G. F. 1909a. Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Phalaenae in the collection of the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) VIII. Subfam. Acronyctinae (continued). - — 8:i–xiv, 1–583. 247 (as litura)

Notes:  Oriental: India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka; Palaearctic: Algeria, Azores, Crete, Egypt, S France, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Libya, Middle East, Madeira, Morocco, Near East, Palestine, Portugal (Madeira), Spain (Canary Islands), Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan.

Host Plants

FAMILY SPECIES COUNTRY PUBLICATIONPAGE
Rosaceae Rubus sp. Saint Helena Karisch T. 2001b. Zur Schmetterlingsfauna von St. Helena. 1. Teil: Grossschmetterlinge (Insecta: Lepidoptera). - Linzer biologische Beiträge 33(1):407–434. 417
Geraniaceae Pelargonium sp. Saint Helena Karisch T. 2001b. Zur Schmetterlingsfauna von St. Helena. 1. Teil: Grossschmetterlinge (Insecta: Lepidoptera). - Linzer biologische Beiträge 33(1):407–434. 417
Undefined Undefined Polyphagous Réunion Martiré D. & Rochat J. 2008. Les papillons de La Réunion et leurs chenilles. - — :1–496. 454
Solanaceae Solanum americanum Réunion Martiré D. & Rochat J. 2008. Les papillons de La Réunion et leurs chenilles. - — :1–496. 454
Solanaceae Brunfelsia uniflora Réunion Martiré D. & Rochat J. 2008. Les papillons de La Réunion et leurs chenilles. - — :1–496. 454
Lamiaceae Thymus vulgaris Réunion Martiré D. & Rochat J. 2008. Les papillons de La Réunion et leurs chenilles. - — :1–496. 454
Lamiaceae Coleus sp. Réunion Martiré D. & Rochat J. 2008. Les papillons de La Réunion et leurs chenilles. - — :1–496. 454
Malvaceae Gossypium sp.   McKinley D. J. 1968. Key to some larvae of Lepidoptera attacking cotton in Central Africa. - Cotton Growers' Review 45:184–197. 187
Malvaceae Hibiscus sp.   Hacker H. H., Schreier H.-P. & Aistleitner E. 2010. Noctuidae of Cape Verde Islands (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae). - Esperiana Memoir 5:7–96. 48
Musaceae Musa sp.   Hacker H. H., Schreier H.-P. & Aistleitner E. 2010. Noctuidae of Cape Verde Islands (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae). - Esperiana Memoir 5:7–96. 48
Asteraceae Chrysanthemum sp.   Hacker H. H., Schreier H.-P. & Aistleitner E. 2010. Noctuidae of Cape Verde Islands (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae). - Esperiana Memoir 5:7–96. 48
Solanaceae Solanum sp. Saint Helena McLachlan R. 1878. Destructive insects in the island of Ascension. - Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 15:79–80. 80 (as retina)
Malvaceae Gossypium sp. South Africa Prinsloo G. L. & Uys V. M. (Eds.) 2015. Insects of cultivated plants and natural pastures in Southern Africa. - — :i–xiv, 1–785. 276
Vitaceae Vitis vinifera South Africa Prinsloo G. L. & Uys V. M. (Eds.) 2015. Insects of cultivated plants and natural pastures in Southern Africa. - — :i–xiv, 1–785. 421
Undefined Undefined Polyphagous Cape Verde Mück O., Passos de Carvalho J., van Harten A. & Traub B. 1990. Los [sic] lepidópteros nocivos em Cabo Verde. - Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 120:1–30. 21
Brassicaceae Brassica sp. Cape Verde Mück O. & Traub B. 1987. Ergänzungen zur Macrolepidopteren-Fauna. - Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 95:91–97. 96
Poaceae Zea mays Cape Verde Mück O. & Traub B. 1987. Ergänzungen zur Macrolepidopteren-Fauna. - Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 95:91–97. 96
Fabaceae Medicago sativa Cape Verde Mück O. & Traub B. 1987. Ergänzungen zur Macrolepidopteren-Fauna. - Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 95:91–97. 96
Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium sp. Cape Verde Mück O. & Traub B. 1987. Ergänzungen zur Macrolepidopteren-Fauna. - Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 95:91–97. 96
Fabaceae Arachis hypogaea Cape Verde Schmutterer H., Pires A. & Klein-Koch C. 1978. Zur Schädlingsfauna der Kapverdischen Inseln. - Zeitschrift für Angewandte Entomologie 86:320–336. 333
Brassicaceae Brassica sp. Cape Verde Schmutterer H., Pires A. & Klein-Koch C. 1978. Zur Schädlingsfauna der Kapverdischen Inseln. - Zeitschrift für Angewandte Entomologie 86:320–336. 333
Solanaceae Solanum tuberosum Cape Verde Schmutterer H., Pires A. & Klein-Koch C. 1978. Zur Schädlingsfauna der Kapverdischen Inseln. - Zeitschrift für Angewandte Entomologie 86:320–336. 333