Eulophonotus myrmeleon Felder, 1874

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FAMILY Cossidae
SUBFAMILY Zeuzerinae
GENUS Eulophonotus
SPECIES myrmeleon
AUTHORFelder, 1874
ORIGINAL COMBINATIONEulophonotus n. g. Myrmeleon F.
TYPE LOCALITY[South Africa, Western Cape, Cape of Good Hope], Cap. b. sp., leg. R. Trimen.
GEOGRAPHICAL COORDINATES Latitude: -34°21'0" Longitude: 18°28'0"
TYPE SPECIMEN(S) Holotype ♀, BMNH.
STATUS Species
PUBLICATION Felder C., Felder R. & Rogenhofer A. F. 1865–1875. Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Zweiter Band. Abtheilung 2, Heft 4, Lepidoptera. Atlas der Heterocera. - — 2(4):1–20, pls. 1–140.
PAGINATION 4; pl. 82, fig. 9

Species pictures

Species Distribution

COUNTRY PROVINCE/STATE PUBLICATION PAGE
Botswana   Mey W. 2016. A taxonomic and faunistic study of the Cossidae of southwestern Africa (Lepidoptera: Cossoidea). - Annals of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History 6:146–198. 172
Cameroon   N'Guessan K. F., Kébé I. B. & Adiko A. 2010. Seasonal variations of the population of Eulophonotus myrmeleon Felder (Lepidoptera: Cossidae) in the Sud-Bandama region of Côte d’Ivoire. - Journal of Applied Bioscineces 35:2251–2259. 2252
Congo   N'Guessan K. F., Kébé I. B. & Adiko A. 2010. Seasonal variations of the population of Eulophonotus myrmeleon Felder (Lepidoptera: Cossidae) in the Sud-Bandama region of Côte d’Ivoire. - Journal of Applied Bioscineces 35:2251–2259. 2252
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Kinshasa Mayné R. 1917. Insectes et autres animaux attaquant le cacoyer au Congo Belge. - Etudes de Biologie agriculture 3:1–80.  
Côte d'Ivoire   Alibert H. 1951. Les insectes vivant sur les cacaoyers en Afrique occidentale. - Mémoires de l'Institut français d'Afrique noire 15:1–174.  
Equatorial Guinea Bioko Cotterell G. S. 1930. Report of the occurrence of Sahlbergella spp. and other insect pests of cacao in Fernando Póo, San Thomé and the Belgian Congo. - Bulletin of the Department of Agriculture of Gold Coast 22:112–145.  
Ethiopia   Yakovlev R. V. 2011. Catalogue of the family Cossidae of the Old World (Lepidoptera). - Neue Entomologische Nachrichten 66:1–129. 58
Ghana   Trimen R. 1909. On the larvae of Hamanumida daedalus, Fab., Hoplitis phyllocampa, n. sp. and Eulophonotus myrmeleon, Feld.; with descriptions of the imagines of the two Heterocera. - Transactions of the entomological Society of London 57(1–2):1–12, pl. 1. 12
Kenya   Gardner J. C. M. 1957. An annotated list of East African forest insects. - — :1–47. 34
Mozambique   Yakovlev R. V. 2011. Catalogue of the family Cossidae of the Old World (Lepidoptera). - Neue Entomologische Nachrichten 66:1–129. 58
Namibia   Mey W. 2007g. Cossidae (Lepidoptera; Cossoidea). – In Mey, W. (ed.) The Lepidoptera of the Brandberg Massif in Namibia. Part 2. - Esperiana Memoir 4:187–193, pl. 18. 189
Nigeria   Lamborn W. A. 1914b. The agricultural pests of the Southern Provinces, Nigeria. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 5:197–214, pls 17–25. 204
Réunion   Prinsloo G. L. & Uys V. M. (Eds.) 2015. Insects of cultivated plants and natural pastures in Southern Africa. - — :i–xiv, 1–785. 409
Sierra Leone   Wagner M. R., Cobbinah J. R. & Bosu P. P. 2008. Forest entomology in West Tropical Africa; Forest insects of Ghana. Second Edition. - — :i–lxx, 1–244. 67
South Africa Western Cape Felder C., Felder R. & Rogenhofer A. F. 1865–1875. Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Zweiter Band. Abtheilung 2, Heft 4, Lepidoptera. Atlas der Heterocera. - — 2(4):1–20, pls. 1–140. 4
South Africa Mpumalanga Mey W. 2016. A taxonomic and faunistic study of the Cossidae of southwestern Africa (Lepidoptera: Cossoidea). - Annals of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History 6:146–198. 172
South Africa Northern Cape Mey W. 2016. A taxonomic and faunistic study of the Cossidae of southwestern Africa (Lepidoptera: Cossoidea). - Annals of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History 6:146–198. 172
South Africa KwaZulu-Natal Trimen R. 1909. On the larvae of Hamanumida daedalus, Fab., Hoplitis phyllocampa, n. sp. and Eulophonotus myrmeleon, Feld.; with descriptions of the imagines of the two Heterocera. - Transactions of the entomological Society of London 57(1–2):1–12, pl. 1. 12
South Africa Eastern Cape Trimen R. 1909. On the larvae of Hamanumida daedalus, Fab., Hoplitis phyllocampa, n. sp. and Eulophonotus myrmeleon, Feld.; with descriptions of the imagines of the two Heterocera. - Transactions of the entomological Society of London 57(1–2):1–12, pl. 1. 12
São Tomé & Principe Principe Navel H. C. 1921. Les principaux ennemis du cacoyer aus Iles de San Thomé et de Principe. - — :1–135.  
São Tomé & Principe São Tomé Navel H. C. 1921. Les principaux ennemis du cacoyer aus Iles de San Thomé et de Principe. - — :1–135.  
Togo   Mallamaire A. 1956. Les principaux insectes foreurs des tiges, ramaux et stipes des plantes cultivées dans l'Ouest africain. - — :79–94.  
Uganda   Gardner J. C. M. 1957. An annotated list of East African forest insects. - — :1–47. 34
Zimbabwe   Yakovlev R. V. 2011. Catalogue of the family Cossidae of the Old World (Lepidoptera). - Neue Entomologische Nachrichten 66:1–129. 58

Host Plants

FAMILY SPECIES COUNTRY PUBLICATIONPAGE
Meliaceae Trichilia sp. South Africa Pinhey E. C. G. 1975. Moths of southern Africa. Descriptions and colour illustrations of 1183 species. - — :i–iv, 1–273, pls. 1–63.
Malvaceae Triplochiton scleroxylon Ghana Wagner M. R., Cobbinah J. R. & Bosu P. P. 2008. Forest entomology in West Tropical Africa; Forest insects of Ghana. Second Edition. - — :i–lxx, 1–244. 67
Malvaceae Triplochiton scleroxylon Côte d'Ivoire Wagner M. R., Cobbinah J. R. & Bosu P. P. 2008. Forest entomology in West Tropical Africa; Forest insects of Ghana. Second Edition. - — :i–lxx, 1–244. 67
Malvaceae Triplochiton scleroxylon Nigeria Wagner M. R., Cobbinah J. R. & Bosu P. P. 2008. Forest entomology in West Tropical Africa; Forest insects of Ghana. Second Edition. - — :i–lxx, 1–244. 67
Malvaceae Cola nitida Ghana Wagner M. R., Cobbinah J. R. & Bosu P. P. 2008. Forest entomology in West Tropical Africa; Forest insects of Ghana. Second Edition. - — :i–lxx, 1–244. 67
Malvaceae Cola nitida Sierra Leone Wagner M. R., Cobbinah J. R. & Bosu P. P. 2008. Forest entomology in West Tropical Africa; Forest insects of Ghana. Second Edition. - — :i–lxx, 1–244. 67
Euphorbiaceae Acalypha sp.   Gaede M. 1929–1930. Psychidae, Thyrididae, Metarbelidae, Aegeriidae, Cossidae, Hepialidae. – In: Seitz, A. (ed.) Die Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde. Eine Systematische Bearbeitung der bis jetzt bekannten Gross-Schmetterlinge. Die Afrikanischen Spinner und Schwärmer. - — 14:481–488, 489–499, 501–513, 515–538, 539–551, 553–559.
Sterculiaceae Theobroma cacao South Africa Entwistle P. F. 1963a. A note on Eulophonotus myrmeleon Fldr. (Lepidoptera, Cossidae), a stem borer of cocoa in West Africa. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 54(1):1–3, pl. 1. 1
Salicaceae Populus sp.   Gardner J. C. M. 1957. An annotated list of East African forest insects. - — :1–47. 34
Combretaceae Combretum sp.   Gardner J. C. M. 1957. An annotated list of East African forest insects. - — :1–47. 34
Malvaceae Cola acuminata São Tomé & Principe Pujol R. 1957. Etude préliminaire des principaux insectes nuisibles aux colatiers. - Journal d'Agriculture tropicale et de Botanique appliquée 4(5–6):241–264. 245
Sterculiaceae Theobroma cacao Côte d'Ivoire N'Guessan K. F., Kébé I. B. & Adiko A. 2010. Seasonal variations of the population of Eulophonotus myrmeleon Felder (Lepidoptera: Cossidae) in the Sud-Bandama region of Côte d’Ivoire. - Journal of Applied Bioscineces 35:2251–2259. 2252
Juglandaceae Carya illinoinensis South Africa Prinsloo G. L. & Uys V. M. (Eds.) 2015. Insects of cultivated plants and natural pastures in Southern Africa. - — :i–xiv, 1–785. 407
Sterculiaceae Theobroma cacao Nigeria Lamborn W. A. 1914b. The agricultural pests of the Southern Provinces, Nigeria. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 5:197–214, pls 17–25. 204
*   Stem borer.

Species Parasitoids

FAMILYSPECIESCOUNTRYPUBLICATION
Ichneumonidae Genaemirum sp. South Africa Prinsloo G. L. & Uys V. M. (Eds.) 2015. Insects of cultivated plants and natural pastures in Southern Africa. - — :i–xiv, 1–785.